Personality traits in pathological gambling: sensation seeking, deferment of gratification and competitiveness as risk factors

Adrian Parke, Mark Griffiths, Paul Irwing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To date, research into personality traits among gamblers has been largely inconsistent. The purpose of this study was to assess the predictive values of three personality traits on pathological gambling (sensation seeking, deferment of gratification and competitiveness) - two of which (deferment of gratification and competitiveness) have never been investigated before. A questionnaire was administered to 114 gamblers of whom 38% were classified as pathological gamblers according to the DSM-IV criteria. The questionnaire included the Sensation Seeking Scale (Zuckerman, M. (1984).
Sensation seeking: a comparative approach to a human trait. Behavioural and Brain Sciences, 7, 413-471.), the Deferment of Gratification Scale (Ray, J.J. and Najman, J. (1986). The generalisability of deferment of gratification. Journal of Social Psychology, 126, 117-119.) and the Gambling Competitiveness Scale constructed by the authors specifically for this study.
Results showed that competitiveness had a strong positive predictive value for pathological gambling, and that deferment of gratification had relatively strong negative predictive value. Sensation seeking was shown not to be a significant predictor of pathological gambling. This is the first ever study to show empirically that competitiveness and deferment of gratification appear to be important risk factors in pathological gambling.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-212
Number of pages12
JournalAddiction Research & Theory
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Gambling
Personality
Behavioral Sciences
Social Psychology
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Brain
Research

Keywords

  • Competitiveness
  • Deferment of gratification
  • Pathological gambling
  • Sensation seeking

Cite this

@article{50db169060a446648f5658c427478732,
title = "Personality traits in pathological gambling: sensation seeking, deferment of gratification and competitiveness as risk factors",
abstract = "To date, research into personality traits among gamblers has been largely inconsistent. The purpose of this study was to assess the predictive values of three personality traits on pathological gambling (sensation seeking, deferment of gratification and competitiveness) - two of which (deferment of gratification and competitiveness) have never been investigated before. A questionnaire was administered to 114 gamblers of whom 38{\%} were classified as pathological gamblers according to the DSM-IV criteria. The questionnaire included the Sensation Seeking Scale (Zuckerman, M. (1984). Sensation seeking: a comparative approach to a human trait. Behavioural and Brain Sciences, 7, 413-471.), the Deferment of Gratification Scale (Ray, J.J. and Najman, J. (1986). The generalisability of deferment of gratification. Journal of Social Psychology, 126, 117-119.) and the Gambling Competitiveness Scale constructed by the authors specifically for this study. Results showed that competitiveness had a strong positive predictive value for pathological gambling, and that deferment of gratification had relatively strong negative predictive value. Sensation seeking was shown not to be a significant predictor of pathological gambling. This is the first ever study to show empirically that competitiveness and deferment of gratification appear to be important risk factors in pathological gambling.",
keywords = "Competitiveness, Deferment of gratification, Pathological gambling, Sensation seeking",
author = "Adrian Parke and Mark Griffiths and Paul Irwing",
year = "2004",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1080/1606635310001634500",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "201--212",
journal = "Addiction Research & Theory",
issn = "1606-6359",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "3",

}

Personality traits in pathological gambling : sensation seeking, deferment of gratification and competitiveness as risk factors. / Parke, Adrian; Griffiths, Mark; Irwing, Paul.

In: Addiction Research & Theory, Vol. 12, No. 3, 06.2004, p. 201-212.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Personality traits in pathological gambling

T2 - sensation seeking, deferment of gratification and competitiveness as risk factors

AU - Parke, Adrian

AU - Griffiths, Mark

AU - Irwing, Paul

PY - 2004/6

Y1 - 2004/6

N2 - To date, research into personality traits among gamblers has been largely inconsistent. The purpose of this study was to assess the predictive values of three personality traits on pathological gambling (sensation seeking, deferment of gratification and competitiveness) - two of which (deferment of gratification and competitiveness) have never been investigated before. A questionnaire was administered to 114 gamblers of whom 38% were classified as pathological gamblers according to the DSM-IV criteria. The questionnaire included the Sensation Seeking Scale (Zuckerman, M. (1984). Sensation seeking: a comparative approach to a human trait. Behavioural and Brain Sciences, 7, 413-471.), the Deferment of Gratification Scale (Ray, J.J. and Najman, J. (1986). The generalisability of deferment of gratification. Journal of Social Psychology, 126, 117-119.) and the Gambling Competitiveness Scale constructed by the authors specifically for this study. Results showed that competitiveness had a strong positive predictive value for pathological gambling, and that deferment of gratification had relatively strong negative predictive value. Sensation seeking was shown not to be a significant predictor of pathological gambling. This is the first ever study to show empirically that competitiveness and deferment of gratification appear to be important risk factors in pathological gambling.

AB - To date, research into personality traits among gamblers has been largely inconsistent. The purpose of this study was to assess the predictive values of three personality traits on pathological gambling (sensation seeking, deferment of gratification and competitiveness) - two of which (deferment of gratification and competitiveness) have never been investigated before. A questionnaire was administered to 114 gamblers of whom 38% were classified as pathological gamblers according to the DSM-IV criteria. The questionnaire included the Sensation Seeking Scale (Zuckerman, M. (1984). Sensation seeking: a comparative approach to a human trait. Behavioural and Brain Sciences, 7, 413-471.), the Deferment of Gratification Scale (Ray, J.J. and Najman, J. (1986). The generalisability of deferment of gratification. Journal of Social Psychology, 126, 117-119.) and the Gambling Competitiveness Scale constructed by the authors specifically for this study. Results showed that competitiveness had a strong positive predictive value for pathological gambling, and that deferment of gratification had relatively strong negative predictive value. Sensation seeking was shown not to be a significant predictor of pathological gambling. This is the first ever study to show empirically that competitiveness and deferment of gratification appear to be important risk factors in pathological gambling.

KW - Competitiveness

KW - Deferment of gratification

KW - Pathological gambling

KW - Sensation seeking

U2 - 10.1080/1606635310001634500

DO - 10.1080/1606635310001634500

M3 - Article

VL - 12

SP - 201

EP - 212

JO - Addiction Research & Theory

JF - Addiction Research & Theory

SN - 1606-6359

IS - 3

ER -