Peer interactions are very important for the child’s psychosocial development and are of a key importance in the period of adolescence. As many studies from the area of ontogenetic psychology state (for example: Macek, 2013; Santrock, 2013; Di Clemente, 2009), in the period of adolescence individuals start to intensively perceive what their peers think about them and how they perceive them. They need to be a part of peer social groups, have their status in them, and feel they are accepted by others. In this period, there are many changes in the areas of relationships and perceptions of authorities, and adolescents build their own social status in various spheres of life. The developmental role of the period of adolescence is formation of one’s identity. The developmental failures can lead to the onset of risk behaviour in adolescents. In the school environment, the frequently identified risk behaviours include bullying (Kolář, 2011; Říčan, Janoušková, 2010; Čerešník, 2016).
In the study, we focused on the situations in which pupils feel frightened, insecure, excluded from a group, are physically hurt, or are teased and defamed. We studied the perceptions of such situations by pupils at schools. Furthermore, we focused our attention on the determinants of the onset of bullying behaviour and reactions to such manifestations in the school environment.
The findings show that bullying behaviour is most frequently experienced by overweight pupils and pupils who look different. The most frequently identified forms of bullying behaviour include defamation and insulting.
|Title of host publication||ICERI2018 Proceedings|
|Subtitle of host publication||11th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation November 12th-14th, 2018 - Seville, Spain|
|Editors||L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres|
|Publisher||International Academy of Technology, Education and Development|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|
|Event||The 11th Annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation - Barceló Renacimiento Hotel, Seville, Spain|
Duration: 11 Nov 2018 → 14 Nov 2018
|Conference||The 11th Annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation|
|Period||11/11/18 → 14/11/18|
- social interaction
- overweight pupils