There is an increasing demand for the development of renewable energy system in the world to help cut CO2 emissions and meet renewable targets set-out for 2020. Among all the different type of emerging technologies, fuel cells represent one of the most promising ones and, in particular, Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells have are considered one of the most promising options for the future of the transportation applications, especially Light-Duty Electric Vehicles. Despite all the advantages, one of the most important barriers for their commercialization is their expensiveness, because they have still not reached the mature stage of their development, and only in the last years some companies started to produce fuel cell electric vehicles for the transportation market. In this paper a walk along the last 15 years has been made, and all the estimations of the PEMFC stack and systems made by different companies from 1998 until 2014 have been summarized and compared, to understand the trend of the PEMFC cost in these years, and the main contributor to the overall cost of the PEMFC stack to find out the future possible developments in order to meet the 2017 DOE target of 15 $ kW-1 for the stack and 30 $ kW-1 for the system.
|Title of host publication||Reference Module in Materials Science and Materials Engineering|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 1 Dec 2015|
- energy storage
- fuel cell
- renewable energy