Optimized seismic retrofit of steel-concrete composite buildings

Georgios S. Papavasileiou*, Dimos C. Charmpis, Nikos D. Lagaros

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
6 Downloads (Pure)


This work is focused on comparatively assessing the cost-effectiveness of three seismic retrofit approaches for non-code-conforming frame buildings with steel-concrete composite columns. The first two of the assessed retrofit approaches aim in indirectly enhancing structural system performance by strengthening individual composite columns using reinforced concrete jackets or concrete-covered steel cages. The third retrofit approach considered aims in upgrading the composite building frame at hand by installing steel bracings at selected bays. A specially developed structural optimization procedure is used to perform an objective comparison of the cost-effectiveness of the three retrofit approaches. The objective of the optimization procedure is to minimize the total retrofit material cost, while constraints are imposed to ensure the satisfaction of design requirements for the retrofitted structure regarding member capacities (according to Eurocodes 3 and 4 for steel beams and composite columns, respectively), structural system performance under horizontal loading (based on interstorey drifts calculated by pushover analyses) and fundamental periods (obtained from eigenvalue analyses). By defining 30 cases of under-designed 2-storey, 4-storey and 6-storey composite buildings (i.e. buildings with steel-concrete composite columns), an extensive numerical investigation involving 120 retrofit optimization runs was conducted. The results obtained provide insight into the relative cost-effectiveness of the three seismic retrofit approaches and reveal certain conditions under which each approach is economically most viable.
Original languageEnglish
Article number110573
JournalEngineering Structures
Early online date18 Apr 2020
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • strengthening
  • concrete jacket
  • steel cage
  • stgeel bracing
  • cost-effectiveness
  • structural optimization


Dive into the research topics of 'Optimized seismic retrofit of steel-concrete composite buildings'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this