Older persons with dementia in prison: an integrative review

Shelley Peacock, Meridith Burles, Alexandra Hodson, Maha Kumaran, Rhoda MacRae, Cindy Peternelj-Taylor, Lorraine Holtslander

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Purpose
The number of prisoners over 55 years is increasing and many are at risk of developing dementia. This has generated new responsibilities for prisons to provide health and social care for older persons. The aim of this paper is to synthesize the existing research literature regarding the phenomenon of the health and social care needs of older persons living with dementia in correctional settings.

Approach
Using an integrative review method based on Whittemore and Knafl, the inclusion criteria for the review are: (a) articles written in English; (b) a focus on some form of dementia and/or older persons with discussion of dementia; (c) to be set in a correctional context (correctional facility, prison, jail); (d) be derived from a published peer-reviewed journal or unpublished dissertation/thesis; and (e) be a qualitative, quantitative or mixed methods study. based on those criteria a search strategy was developed and executed by a health sciences librarian in the following databases: Medline, CINAHL, Embase, PsychINFO, Proquest Nursing and Allied Health, and Web of Science; searches were completed of up to April 2019. After data were extracted from included studies, synthesis of findings involved an iterative process where thematic analysis was facilitated by Braun and Clarke's approach.

FindingsEight studies met the inclusion criteria. Key fingins of the eight studies include (a) recognition of dementia as a concern for correctional populations, (b) dementia-related screening and programming for older persons, and (c) recommendations for improved screening and care practices. Most significant is the paucity of research available on this topic. Implications for research are discussed.
ValueThis paper identified and synthesizes the limited existing international research on the health and social care needs of older persons with dementia living in correctional settings. Although existing research is scant, this review highlights the need for increased awareness of dementia as a concern among older persons living in correctional settings. As well, the review findings emphasize that enhanced screening and interventions, particularly tailored approaches, are imperative to support those living with dementia in correctional settings.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Prisoner Health
Volume16
Issue number1
Early online date7 Aug 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 7 Aug 2019

Fingerprint

Prisons
Dementia
Research
Delivery of Health Care
Librarians
Prisoners
Health
Nursing
Databases

Keywords

  • Social care
  • Prison
  • Dementia
  • Health care
  • Older adults
  • Integrative review

Cite this

Peacock, S., Burles, M., Hodson, A., Kumaran, M., MacRae, R., Peternelj-Taylor, C., & Holtslander, L. (2020). Older persons with dementia in prison: an integrative review. International Journal of Prisoner Health, 16(1), 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJPH-01-2019-0007
Peacock, Shelley ; Burles, Meridith ; Hodson, Alexandra ; Kumaran, Maha ; MacRae, Rhoda ; Peternelj-Taylor, Cindy ; Holtslander, Lorraine. / Older persons with dementia in prison : an integrative review. In: International Journal of Prisoner Health. 2020 ; Vol. 16, No. 1. pp. 1-16.
@article{742ecacbd9d64571a13c90e4fda11316,
title = "Older persons with dementia in prison: an integrative review",
abstract = "PurposeThe number of prisoners over 55 years is increasing and many are at risk of developing dementia. This has generated new responsibilities for prisons to provide health and social care for older persons. The aim of this paper is to synthesize the existing research literature regarding the phenomenon of the health and social care needs of older persons living with dementia in correctional settings.ApproachUsing an integrative review method based on Whittemore and Knafl, the inclusion criteria for the review are: (a) articles written in English; (b) a focus on some form of dementia and/or older persons with discussion of dementia; (c) to be set in a correctional context (correctional facility, prison, jail); (d) be derived from a published peer-reviewed journal or unpublished dissertation/thesis; and (e) be a qualitative, quantitative or mixed methods study. based on those criteria a search strategy was developed and executed by a health sciences librarian in the following databases: Medline, CINAHL, Embase, PsychINFO, Proquest Nursing and Allied Health, and Web of Science; searches were completed of up to April 2019. After data were extracted from included studies, synthesis of findings involved an iterative process where thematic analysis was facilitated by Braun and Clarke's approach.FindingsEight studies met the inclusion criteria. Key fingins of the eight studies include (a) recognition of dementia as a concern for correctional populations, (b) dementia-related screening and programming for older persons, and (c) recommendations for improved screening and care practices. Most significant is the paucity of research available on this topic. Implications for research are discussed.ValueThis paper identified and synthesizes the limited existing international research on the health and social care needs of older persons with dementia living in correctional settings. Although existing research is scant, this review highlights the need for increased awareness of dementia as a concern among older persons living in correctional settings. As well, the review findings emphasize that enhanced screening and interventions, particularly tailored approaches, are imperative to support those living with dementia in correctional settings.",
keywords = "Social care, Prison, Dementia, Health care, Older adults, Integrative review",
author = "Shelley Peacock and Meridith Burles and Alexandra Hodson and Maha Kumaran and Rhoda MacRae and Cindy Peternelj-Taylor and Lorraine Holtslander",
year = "2019",
month = "8",
day = "7",
doi = "10.1108/IJPH-01-2019-0007",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "1--16",
journal = "International Journal of Prisoner Health",
issn = "1744-9219",
publisher = "Emerald Publishing Limited",
number = "1",

}

Peacock, S, Burles, M, Hodson, A, Kumaran, M, MacRae, R, Peternelj-Taylor, C & Holtslander, L 2020, 'Older persons with dementia in prison: an integrative review', International Journal of Prisoner Health, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJPH-01-2019-0007

Older persons with dementia in prison : an integrative review. / Peacock, Shelley; Burles, Meridith; Hodson, Alexandra; Kumaran, Maha; MacRae, Rhoda; Peternelj-Taylor, Cindy; Holtslander, Lorraine.

In: International Journal of Prisoner Health, Vol. 16, No. 1, 09.03.2020, p. 1-16.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Older persons with dementia in prison

T2 - an integrative review

AU - Peacock, Shelley

AU - Burles, Meridith

AU - Hodson, Alexandra

AU - Kumaran, Maha

AU - MacRae, Rhoda

AU - Peternelj-Taylor, Cindy

AU - Holtslander, Lorraine

PY - 2019/8/7

Y1 - 2019/8/7

N2 - PurposeThe number of prisoners over 55 years is increasing and many are at risk of developing dementia. This has generated new responsibilities for prisons to provide health and social care for older persons. The aim of this paper is to synthesize the existing research literature regarding the phenomenon of the health and social care needs of older persons living with dementia in correctional settings.ApproachUsing an integrative review method based on Whittemore and Knafl, the inclusion criteria for the review are: (a) articles written in English; (b) a focus on some form of dementia and/or older persons with discussion of dementia; (c) to be set in a correctional context (correctional facility, prison, jail); (d) be derived from a published peer-reviewed journal or unpublished dissertation/thesis; and (e) be a qualitative, quantitative or mixed methods study. based on those criteria a search strategy was developed and executed by a health sciences librarian in the following databases: Medline, CINAHL, Embase, PsychINFO, Proquest Nursing and Allied Health, and Web of Science; searches were completed of up to April 2019. After data were extracted from included studies, synthesis of findings involved an iterative process where thematic analysis was facilitated by Braun and Clarke's approach.FindingsEight studies met the inclusion criteria. Key fingins of the eight studies include (a) recognition of dementia as a concern for correctional populations, (b) dementia-related screening and programming for older persons, and (c) recommendations for improved screening and care practices. Most significant is the paucity of research available on this topic. Implications for research are discussed.ValueThis paper identified and synthesizes the limited existing international research on the health and social care needs of older persons with dementia living in correctional settings. Although existing research is scant, this review highlights the need for increased awareness of dementia as a concern among older persons living in correctional settings. As well, the review findings emphasize that enhanced screening and interventions, particularly tailored approaches, are imperative to support those living with dementia in correctional settings.

AB - PurposeThe number of prisoners over 55 years is increasing and many are at risk of developing dementia. This has generated new responsibilities for prisons to provide health and social care for older persons. The aim of this paper is to synthesize the existing research literature regarding the phenomenon of the health and social care needs of older persons living with dementia in correctional settings.ApproachUsing an integrative review method based on Whittemore and Knafl, the inclusion criteria for the review are: (a) articles written in English; (b) a focus on some form of dementia and/or older persons with discussion of dementia; (c) to be set in a correctional context (correctional facility, prison, jail); (d) be derived from a published peer-reviewed journal or unpublished dissertation/thesis; and (e) be a qualitative, quantitative or mixed methods study. based on those criteria a search strategy was developed and executed by a health sciences librarian in the following databases: Medline, CINAHL, Embase, PsychINFO, Proquest Nursing and Allied Health, and Web of Science; searches were completed of up to April 2019. After data were extracted from included studies, synthesis of findings involved an iterative process where thematic analysis was facilitated by Braun and Clarke's approach.FindingsEight studies met the inclusion criteria. Key fingins of the eight studies include (a) recognition of dementia as a concern for correctional populations, (b) dementia-related screening and programming for older persons, and (c) recommendations for improved screening and care practices. Most significant is the paucity of research available on this topic. Implications for research are discussed.ValueThis paper identified and synthesizes the limited existing international research on the health and social care needs of older persons with dementia living in correctional settings. Although existing research is scant, this review highlights the need for increased awareness of dementia as a concern among older persons living in correctional settings. As well, the review findings emphasize that enhanced screening and interventions, particularly tailored approaches, are imperative to support those living with dementia in correctional settings.

KW - Social care

KW - Prison

KW - Dementia

KW - Health care

KW - Older adults

KW - Integrative review

U2 - 10.1108/IJPH-01-2019-0007

DO - 10.1108/IJPH-01-2019-0007

M3 - Article

VL - 16

SP - 1

EP - 16

JO - International Journal of Prisoner Health

JF - International Journal of Prisoner Health

SN - 1744-9219

IS - 1

ER -