Observing community-based entrepreneurship and social networking at play in an urban village setting

Robert Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Entrepreneurship as a manifestation of change is vital in terms of jobs and business dynamism. However, entrepreneurship as a social activity occurs in time and space and is seen as a natural, organic process. We assume this change will occur naturally, but this can be interrupted by planned change. This observational study examines the influence of socio-cultural factors on the evolution of community-based entrepreneurial activity in an urban village setting using the social metrics of home, habitus and habituation to examine how this activity develops within a planned monocultural middle class enclave. Studying social entrepreneurship in a fixed social setting permits us to investigate the embededdness of the entrepreneurial process in a naturally occurring environment. When the natural order is interrupted, entrepreneurial activity becomes disjointed and finds new avenues of emergence as community-based entrepreneurial activity in which business is facilitated by social networking and entrepreneurial identity is socially constructed through play.
Keywords: economic sociology; economic geography; social entrepreneurship; social networking; community-based entrepreneurship; urban villages; planned change; jobs; employment; business dynamism; cities; social activities; natural processes; organic processes; soc
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-81
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • economic sociology
  • economic geography
  • social entrepreneurship
  • social networking
  • community-based entrepreneurship
  • urban villages
  • planned change
  • jobs
  • employment
  • business dynamism
  • cities
  • social activities
  • natural processes
  • organic processes
  • socio-cultural factors
  • social metrics
  • monocultures
  • home
  • habitus
  • habituation
  • monocultural enclaves
  • middle classes
  • embededdness
  • entrepreneurial processes
  • naturally occurring environments
  • emergence
  • entrepreneurial identity
  • social constructs
  • play
  • small and medium-sized enterprises
  • SMEs
  • entrepreneurs


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