Northern Ireland and the limits of the race relations framework

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Anti-immigrant racism has become a prominent issue in Northern Ireland since 1998. It is an issue that is routinely understood and tackled through a ‘race relations’ framework. The first part of this article outlines and discusses the data on immigration and on recorded racist incidents in Northern Ireland, within a race relations framework. The second part of the article argues that the race relations framework is inherently limited because it treats racism as a crime to be punished, rather than as a manifestation of contradictions within capitalism as a social system.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-121
Number of pages17
JournalCapital & Class
Issue number1
Early online date13 Dec 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019


  • immigration
  • race relations framework
  • multiculturalism
  • migrant workers


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