New strategic insights into managing fungal biofilms

Elisa Borghi, Giulia Morace, Francesca Borgo, Ranjith Rajendran, Leighann Sherry, Chris Nile, Gordon Ramage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Fungal infections have dramatically increased in the last decades in parallel with an increase of populations with impaired immunity, resulting from medical conditions such as cancer, transplantation, or other chronic diseases. Such opportunistic infections result from a complex relationship between fungi and host, and can range from self-limiting to chronic or life-threatening infections. Modern medicine, characterized by a wide use of biomedical devices, offers new niches for fungi to colonize and form biofilm communities. The capability of fungi to form biofilms is well documented and associated with increased drug tolerance and resistance. In addition, biofilm formation facilitates persistence in the host promoting a persistent inflammatory condition. With a limited availability of antifungals within our arsenal, new therapeutic approaches able to address both host and pathogenic factors that promote fungal disease progression, i.e., chronic inflammation and biofilm formation, could represent an advantage in the clinical setting. In this paper we discuss the antifungal properties of myriocin, fulvic acid, and acetylcholine in light of their already known anti-inflammatory activity and as candidate dual action therapeutics to treat opportunistic fungal infections.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1077
Number of pages6
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
Publication statusPublished - 6 Oct 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Biofilm-related infections
  • antifungal resistance
  • fulvic acid
  • acetylcholine
  • myriocin


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