New pim-1 kinase inhibitor from the co-culture of two sponge-associated actinomycetes

Seham S. El-Hawary, Ahmed M. Sayed, Rabab Mohammed, Mohammad A. Khanfar, Mostafa E. Rateb, Tarek A. Mohammed, Dina Hajjar, Hossam M. Hassan, Tobias A.M. Gulder, Usama Ramadan Abdelmohsen

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Saccharomonospora sp. UR22 and Dietzia sp. UR66, two actinomycetes derived from the Red Sea sponge Callyspongia siphonella, were co-cultured and the induced metabolites were monitored by HPLC-DAD and TLC. Saccharomonosporine A (1), a novel brominated oxo-indole alkaloid, convolutamydine F (2) along with other three known induced metabolites (3-5) were isolated from the EtOAc extract of Saccharomonospora sp. UR22 and Dietzia sp. UR66 co-culture. Additionally, axenic culture of Saccharomonospora sp. UR22 led to isolation of six known microbial metabolites (6-11). A kinase inhibition assay results showed that compounds 1 and 3 were potent Pim-1 kinase inhibitors with an IC50 value of 300 ± 2.08 and 946 ± 1.55 nM, respectively. Docking studies revealed the binding mode of compounds 1 and 3 in the ATP pocket of Pim-1 kinase. Testing of compounds 1 and 3 displayed significant antiproliferative activity against the human colon adenocarcinoma HT-29, (IC50 3.6 and 3.7µM, respectively) and the human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60, (IC50 2.8 and 4.2µM, respectively). These results suggested that compounds 1 and 3 act as potential Pim-1 kinase inhibitors that mediate the tumor cell growth inhibitory effect. This study highlighted the co-cultivation approach as an effective strategy to increase the chemical diversity of the secondary metabolites hidden in the genomes of the marine actinomycetes.
Original languageEnglish
Article number538
Number of pages11
JournalFrontiers in Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2018


  • Saccharomonospora sp.
  • Dietzia sp.
  • actinomycetes
  • Saccharomonosporine A
  • convolutamydine F
  • docking
  • Pim-1 kinase
  • co-cultivation


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