Myocardial function and aerobic fitness in adolescent females

Thomas Rowland, Viswanath Unnithan, Denise Roche, Max Garrard, Kathyryn Holloway, Simon Marwood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A recent report indicated that variations in myocardial functional (systolic and diastolic) responses to exercise do not contribute to inter-individual differences in aerobic fitness (peak VO2) among young males. This study was designed to investigate the same question among adolescent females. Thirteen highly fit adolescent football (soccer) players (peak VO2 43.5 ± 3.4 ml kg−1 min−1) and nine untrained girls (peak VO2 36.0 ± 5.1 ml kg−1 min−1) matched for age underwent a progressive cycle exercise test to exhaustion. Cardiac variables were measured by standard echocardiographic techniques. Maximal stroke index was greater in the high-fit group (50 ± 5 vs. 41 ± 4 ml m−2), but no significant group differences were observed in maximal heart rate or arterial venous oxygen difference. Increases in markers of both systolic (ejection rate, tissue Doppler S′) and diastolic (tissue Doppler E′, mitral E velocity) myocardial functions at rest and during the acute bout of exercise were similar in the two groups. This study suggests that among healthy adolescent females, like young males, myocardial systolic and diastolic functional capacities do not contribute to inter-individual variability in physiologic aerobic fitness.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1991-1997
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
Volume111
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jan 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Exercise
Soccer
Football
Exercise Test
Individuality
Heart Rate
Stroke
Oxygen

Keywords

  • peak oxygen uptake
  • echocardiography
  • cardiac output

Cite this

Rowland, Thomas ; Unnithan, Viswanath ; Roche, Denise ; Garrard, Max ; Holloway, Kathyryn ; Marwood, Simon. / Myocardial function and aerobic fitness in adolescent females. In: European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2011 ; Vol. 111, No. 9. pp. 1991-1997.
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Rowland, T, Unnithan, V, Roche, D, Garrard, M, Holloway, K & Marwood, S 2011, 'Myocardial function and aerobic fitness in adolescent females', European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 111, no. 9, pp. 1991-1997. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-011-1835-1

Myocardial function and aerobic fitness in adolescent females. / Rowland, Thomas; Unnithan, Viswanath; Roche, Denise; Garrard, Max; Holloway, Kathyryn; Marwood, Simon.

In: European Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 111, No. 9, 20.01.2011, p. 1991-1997.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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