Moment capacity of cold-formed channel beams with edge-stiffened web holes, un-stiffened web holes and plain webs

Boshan Chen, Krishanu Roy*, Asraf Uzzaman, James B.P. Lim

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)
5 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Cold-formed steel (CFS) channel beams are an increasingly popular choice as load-carrying members in building structures. Such channel beams often include web holes for installation of services. Traditional web holes are normally punched and are un-stiffened. This can restrict the size and spacing of web holes. Recently, a new generation of CFS channel beams with edge-stiffened web holes has been developed and used widely in New Zealand. However, no experimental investigation has been reported in the literature for such channel beams under bending. In this paper, a total of 215 results comprising 16 four-point bending tests and 199 finite element analysis (FEA) are reported on the moment capacity of CFS channel beams with both edge-stiffened and un-stiffened web holes. For comparison, channel beams without web holes were also tested. For all specimens, initial imperfections were measured using a laser scanner. A nonlinear elasto-plastic finite element (FE) model was also developed, and the results showed good agreement with the test results. A parametric study was conducted using the validated FE model to investigate the effects of beam length, hole diameter, stiffener length and fillet radius on the moment capacity of CFS channel beams. It is shown that for the case of a channel beam with five edge-stiffened web holes, the moment capacity increased by as much as 14.5%, compared to that of a plain channel beam. For comparison, the same section with un-stiffened web holes had a 13.6% reduction in moment capacity, compared to that of a plain channel beam. Furthermore, the accuracy of current design guidelines in accordance with the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) and Australia/New Zealand (AS/NZ) standards were verified by comparing the tests and FEA results against the design strengths for moment capacity of CFS channel beams without web holes. On the other hand, for CFS channel beams with web holes, the moment capacity obtained from tests and FEA were compared against the moment capacity calculated from the design equations of Moen and Schafer. Upon comparison, it was found that the AISI and AS/NZS can closely predict the moment capacity of CFS channel beams without web holes. The Moen and Schafer design equations were found to be over-conservative by around 11% and 28% for moment capacity of CFS channel beams with un-stiffened and edge-stiffened web holes, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107070
JournalThin-Walled Structures
Volume157
Early online date17 Sep 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cold-formed steel
  • edge-stiffened web holes
  • finite element analysis
  • flexural behaviour

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