We have investigated a four-sector transmission polarization converter (4-SPC) for a wavelength of 633 nm, that enables the conversion of a linearly polarized incident beam into a mixture of linearly and azimuthally polarized beams. It was numerically shown that by placing a Fresnel zone plate of focal length 532 nm immediately after the 4-SPC, the incident light can be focused into an oblong subwavelength focal spot whose size is smaller than the diffraction limit (with width and breadth, respectively, measuring FWHM $=$ 0.28x03BB; and FWHM $=$ 0.45x03BB;, where x03BB; is the incident wavelength and FWHM stands for full-width at half maximum of the intensity). After passing through the 4-SPC, light propagates in free space over a distance of 300 x03BC;m before being focused by a Fresnel zone plate (ZP), resulting in focal spot measuring 0.42x03BB; and 0.81x03BB;. The focal spot was measured by a near-field microscope SNOM, and the transverse E-field component of the focal spot was calculated to be 0.42x03BB; and 0.59x03BB;. This numerical result was verified experimentally, giving a focal spot of smaller and larger size, respectively, measuring 0.46x03BB; and 0.57x03BB;. To our knowledge, this is the first implementation of polarization conversion and subwavelength focusing of light using a pair of transmission micro-optic elements.
- Binary optics
- Microstructure fabrication
- Polarization-selective devices
- Diffractive lenses
- Near-field microscopy
- Subwavelength structures
Stafeev, S. S., Nalimov, A. G., Kotlyar, M. V., Gibson, D., Song, S., O'Faolain, L., & Kotlyar, V. V. (2016). Microlens-aided focusing of linearly and azimuthally polarized laser light. Optics Express, 24(26), 29800-29813. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.24.029800