This work was performed to dig into the phytochemical composition and bioactivities of Nocardiopsis sp. UR67 associated with the marine sponge Callyspongia sp. It was fermented in suspension and immobilised in calcium alginate bead cultures. The ethyl acetate extracts, afforded from the broth in each case named EG-49 and J-48g, respectively, revealed 16 chemical principles mostly belonging to polyketides, macrolides, and peptides. EG-49 and J-48g displayed anti-Candida albicans activity with IC50 values of 8.1 and 8.3 µg/mL, and a substantial cytotoxic effect against lung adenocarcinoma H1650 at IC50 12.6 and 13.7 µg/mL, respectively. However, only EG-49 exhibited a noteworthy anti-trypanosomal activity at 7.5 µg/mL. Molecular docking of the characterised compounds against Trypanosoma brucei trypanothione reductase demonstrated the highest binding models of griseochelin-methyl ester (9) and filipin-II (11), which drew considerable significance of the metabolites derived from Nocardiopsis sp. UR67 developing potential T. brucei trypanothione reductase inhibitors.
- marine sponges