Meet the Simpsons: top-down effects in face learning

Lesley Bonner, A.Mike Burton, Rob Jenkins, Allan McNeill, Vicki Bruce

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We examined whether prior knowledge of a person affects the visual processes involved in learning a face. In two experiments, subjects were taught to associate human faces with characters they knew (from the TV show The Simpsons) or characters they did not (novel names). In each experiment, knowledge of the character predicted performance in a recognition memory test, relying only on old/new confidence ratings. In experiment 1, we established the technique and showed that there is a face-learning advantage for known people, even when face items are counterbalanced for familiarity across the experiment. In experiment 2 we replicated the effect in a setting which discouraged subjects from attending more to known than unknown people, and eliminated any visual association between face stimuli and a character from The Simpsons. We conclude that prior knowledge about a person can enhance learning of a new face.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1159-1168
Number of pages10
JournalPerception
Volume32
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes

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Bonner, L., Burton, A. M., Jenkins, R., McNeill, A., & Bruce, V. (2003). Meet the Simpsons: top-down effects in face learning. Perception, 32(10), 1159-1168. https://doi.org/DOI:10.1068/p5021
Bonner, Lesley ; Burton, A.Mike ; Jenkins, Rob ; McNeill, Allan ; Bruce, Vicki. / Meet the Simpsons : top-down effects in face learning. In: Perception. 2003 ; Vol. 32, No. 10. pp. 1159-1168.
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Bonner, L, Burton, AM, Jenkins, R, McNeill, A & Bruce, V 2003, 'Meet the Simpsons: top-down effects in face learning' Perception, vol. 32, no. 10, pp. 1159-1168. https://doi.org/DOI:10.1068/p5021

Meet the Simpsons : top-down effects in face learning. / Bonner, Lesley; Burton, A.Mike; Jenkins, Rob; McNeill, Allan; Bruce, Vicki.

In: Perception, Vol. 32, No. 10, 2003, p. 1159-1168.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - McNeill, Allan

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Bonner L, Burton AM, Jenkins R, McNeill A, Bruce V. Meet the Simpsons: top-down effects in face learning. Perception. 2003;32(10):1159-1168. https://doi.org/DOI:10.1068/p5021