Mechanical efficiency during cycling in prepubertal and adult males

T.W. Rowland, J.S. Staab, V.B. Unnithan, J.M. Rambusch, S.F. Siconolfi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous studies have indicated that values for mechanical efficiency during cycle exercise in prepubertal subjects are similar to those in adults. Few studies have directly compared these groups, however, and earlier reports did not consider the importance of assessing efficiency at similar relative exercise intensities. Nineteen prepubertal boys and 21 college men underwent cycle exercise testing for determination of delta efficiency (the energy required to increase workload), related to both absolute work load and relative work intensity (percent V̇O2max). No significant differences in either of these measures were observed between the two groups. Mean delta efficiency between workloads of similar relative intensity was 23.2% for the prepubertal subjects and 22.5% for the adults (p > .05). Between equal absolute workloads the values were 23.2 and 26.5%, respectively (p > .05). These findings support earlier contentions that the efficiency of muscular contraction during exercise is comparable in pre- and post-pubertal subjects.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)452-455
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume11
Issue number06
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • exercise
  • exercise testing
  • work efficiency

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