Malls/retail parks

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEntry for encyclopedia/dictionarypeer-review


Malls and retail parks emerged as familiar features of everyday social life following the appearance and dissemination of large supermarket chains and hypermarkets. They are commonly developed alongside processes of gentrification as anchor or auxiliary elements as part of inner city regeneration projects and have also been developed as regional shopping centers located in peripheral locations. The boundaries between malls and retail parks have become increasingly blurred as they are now commonly found on one site, typically at an out-of-town location. More recently, these retail formats have been faced with considerable challenges namely, the effects of the financial crisis in 2008, intraregional competition, the rapid advance of e-commerce, and the experience economy impacting upon consumer behavior.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of Human Geography
EditorsAudrey Kobayashi
PublisherElsevier Limited
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9780081022955
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 4 Dec 2019


  • City center
  • Consumerism
  • E-commerce
  • Malls
  • New retail geography
  • Retail parks


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