Lower-limb biomechanical characteristics associated with unplanned gait termination under different walking speeds

Huiyu Zhou, Xuanzhen Cen, Yang Song, Ukadike C. Ugbolue, Yaodong Gu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Gait termination caused by unexpected stimulus is a common occurrence in everyday life. This study presents a protocol to investigate the lower-limb biomechanical changes that occur during unplanned gait termination (UGT) under different walking speeds. Fifteen male participants were asked to perform UGT on a walkway at normal walking speed (NWS) and fast walking speed (FWS), respectively. A motion analysis system and plantar pressure platform were applied to collect lower-limb kinematic and plantar pressure data. Paired-sampled T-test was used to examine the differences in lower-limb kinematics and plantar pressure data between two walking speeds. The results showed larger range of motion in the hip, knee, and ankle joints in the sagittal plane as well as plantar pressure in forefoot and heel regions during UGT at FWS when compared with NWS. With the increase in walking speed, subjects exhibited different lower-limb biomechanical characteristics that show FWS associated with greater potential injury risks.
Original languageEnglish
Article number61558
JournalJournal of Visualized Experiments
Volume162
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Aug 2020

Keywords

  • unplanned gait termination
  • gait speed
  • kinetics
  • kinematics
  • injuries
  • plantar pressure

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