Cellular senescence is an irreversible proliferation arrest, thought to contribute to tumor suppression, proper wound healing and, perhaps, tissue and organismal aging. Two classical tumor suppressors, p53 and pRB, control cell cycle arrest associated with senescence. Profound molecular changes occur in cells undergoing senescence. At the level of chromatin, for example, senescence associated heterochromatic foci (SAHF) form in some cell types. Chromatin is inherently dynamic and likely needs to be actively maintained to achieve a stable cell phenotype. In proliferating cells chromatin is maintained in conjunction with DNA replication, but how non-proliferating cells maintain chromatin structure is poorly understood. Some histone variants, such as H3.3 and macroH2A increase as cells undergo senescence, suggesting histone variants and their associated chaperones could be important in chromatin structure maintenance in senescent cells. Here, we discuss options available for senescent cells to maintain chromatin structure and the relative contribution of histone variants and chaperones in this process. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Histone chaperones and chromatin assembly.
|Journal||Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta-gene Regulatory Mechanisms|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|