Leg press vs.Smith machine: quadriceps activation and overall perceived effort profiles

Gian Mario Migliaccio, Antonio Dello Iacono, Luca Paolo Ardigò, Pierre Samozino, Enzo Iuliano, Zoran Grgantov, Johnny Padulo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

First aim was describing Smith machine squat and leg press exercise as nominal load, knee extensors activity, and rating of perceived exertion. Second aim was developing predictive equations to provide same muscular activation and same perceived exertion nominal loads during the two exercises. To do that, vastus lateralis and vastus medialis activation, as their summed surface electromyography signal integrals, and overall perceived exertions were measured at different nominal loads during Smith machine squat and leg press exercise in adult male athletes experienced in weight training. Correlation and multistep stepwise analyses were performed. Then, two different results-driven predictive equations to provide same electromyography signals and same perceived exertion nominal loads were developed. The same electromyography signal equation results were less accurate (i.e., less predictive) due to high inter-individual differences, whereas the same perceived exertion equation results were more accurate, because perceived exertion is more related to the Smith machine squat and leg press exercise overall level of exertion than to the two single muscles that were investigated. In conclusion, these two equations represented an initial attempt to provide athletes and coaches with a new tool to mutually convert equivalent nominal loads during Smith machine squat and leg press exercise over a training period.

Original languageEnglish
Article number01481
Number of pages8
JournalFrontiers in Physiology
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Oct 2018

Keywords

  • muscle strength
  • strength exercise
  • workload
  • resistance training
  • exercise intensity

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