Drawing on formal interviews and ethnographic participant observation, this paper highlights how effective gang intervention programs can and do supplant negativistic masculine identities based on violent criminality with more positivistic masculine identities based on gainful employment, family life, and desistance. The authors examine how this transition occurs at three prominent gang intervention programs in diverse transnational contexts: Los Angeles, Glasgow, and Copenhagen. In contrast to earlier work, the paper also examines how gang members can revert back to negativistic masculine identities, criminality, and violence when the support that these programs provide is withdrawn.
Deuchar, R., & Weide, R. D. (2019). Journeys in gang masculinity: insights from international case studies of interventions. Deviant Behavior, 40(7), 851-865. https://doi.org/10.1080/01639625.2018.1443761