IoT and machine learning enabled estimation of health indicators from ambient data

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Abstract

Physiological health indicators can provide valuable insights into the general health and well-being of a person. However, acquiring these indicators implies being physically connected to a medical device or using wearable sensors. Moreover, the aforementioned devices only measure the indicators but provide no information on what influences them. This study proposes an approach for estimating such indicators from ambient data, enabling simultaneously non-invasive monitoring and providing details on how the environment affects one's health. A system based on Internet of Things (IoT) sensors is used for data collection and Machine Learning (ML) algorithms are employed for data analysis. The study focused on two health signals, Heart Rate (HR) and Skin Resistance (SR). Out of the three tested algorithms, Random Forest (RF) yielded the best results in terms of Mean Absolute Error (MAE) for both indicators. The results obtained proved that physiological signals estimation exclusively from ambient data is possible and identified which environmental factors are most important.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2023 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC)
Place of PublicationPiscataway, NJ
PublisherIEEE
Edition2023
ISBN (Electronic)9781665491228
ISBN (Print)9781665491235
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 May 2023

Publication series

NameIEEE Conference Proceedings
PublisherIEEE
ISSN (Print)1525-3511
ISSN (Electronic)1558-2612

Keywords

  • IoT
  • machine learning
  • ambient
  • environment
  • health
  • heart rate
  • skin resistance
  • GSR
  • sensing

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