Inter-cultural differences in response to a computer-based anti-bullying intervention

Scott E. J. Watson, Natalie Vannini, Sarah Woods, Kerstin Dautenhahn, Maria Sapouna, Sibylle Enz, Wolfgang Schneider, Dieter Wolke, Lynne Hall, Ana Paiva, Elizabeth Andre, Ruth Aylett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and purpose: Many holistic anti-bullying interventions have been attempted, with mixed success, while little work has been done to promote a 'self-help' approach to victimisation. The rise of the ICT curriculum and computer support in schools now allows for approaches that benefit from technology to be implemented. This study evaluates the cross-cultural effects of a computer-based anti-bullying intervention on primary school-aged children's knowledge about bullying and relevant coping strategies.

Programme description: FearNot! is an interactive computer-based virtual learning environment designed for use as an anti-bullying intervention. It includes interactive virtual agents who assume the most common participant roles found in episodes of bullying. FearNot! was used by children over three consecutive weeks to allow its effectiveness to be evaluated in a longitudinal in situ programme.

Sample: Two comparable samples were drawn from the UK and Germany. In the UK, 651 participants (aged 8-11) were recruited from primary schools in Hertfordshire, Coventry and Warwickshire, whereas the 535 German participants (aged 7-10) were sourced from Grundschulen in the Bayern and Hessen regions. Because of lack of parental consent, late joiners and absences/missing responses, data from 908 participants (UK 493; Germany 415) were analysed.

Design and methods: A quasi-experimental, pre/post-tests control group design employed pre-published and bespoke questionnaires to collect data. Descriptive and inferential analyses were conducted.

Results: UK students possessed higher coping strategy knowledge scores than German participants, but German children's scores improved over time and as a result of the FearNot! intervention.

Conclusions: Overall, while not effective at increasing children's coping strategy knowledge in this study, the FearNot! intervention could prove a useful classroom tool to approach the issue of bullying as part of a wider initiative. Cultural differences at baseline and reactions to the intervention are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-80
JournalEducational Research
Volume52
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • bullying
  • anti-bullying intervention
  • computer-based
  • virtual learning environment
  • longitudinal study
  • cultural difference

Cite this

Watson, S. E. J., Vannini, N., Woods, S., Dautenhahn, K., Sapouna, M., Enz, S., ... Aylett, R. (2010). Inter-cultural differences in response to a computer-based anti-bullying intervention. Educational Research, 52(1), 61-80. https://doi.org/10.1080/00131881003588261
Watson, Scott E. J. ; Vannini, Natalie ; Woods, Sarah ; Dautenhahn, Kerstin ; Sapouna, Maria ; Enz, Sibylle ; Schneider, Wolfgang ; Wolke, Dieter ; Hall, Lynne ; Paiva, Ana ; Andre, Elizabeth ; Aylett, Ruth. / Inter-cultural differences in response to a computer-based anti-bullying intervention. In: Educational Research. 2010 ; Vol. 52, No. 1. pp. 61-80.
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Watson, SEJ, Vannini, N, Woods, S, Dautenhahn, K, Sapouna, M, Enz, S, Schneider, W, Wolke, D, Hall, L, Paiva, A, Andre, E & Aylett, R 2010, 'Inter-cultural differences in response to a computer-based anti-bullying intervention' Educational Research, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 61-80. https://doi.org/10.1080/00131881003588261

Inter-cultural differences in response to a computer-based anti-bullying intervention. / Watson, Scott E. J.; Vannini, Natalie; Woods, Sarah; Dautenhahn, Kerstin; Sapouna, Maria; Enz, Sibylle; Schneider, Wolfgang; Wolke, Dieter; Hall, Lynne; Paiva, Ana; Andre, Elizabeth; Aylett, Ruth.

In: Educational Research, Vol. 52, No. 1, 2010, p. 61-80.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Inter-cultural differences in response to a computer-based anti-bullying intervention

AU - Watson, Scott E. J.

AU - Vannini, Natalie

AU - Woods, Sarah

AU - Dautenhahn, Kerstin

AU - Sapouna, Maria

AU - Enz, Sibylle

AU - Schneider, Wolfgang

AU - Wolke, Dieter

AU - Hall, Lynne

AU - Paiva, Ana

AU - Andre, Elizabeth

AU - Aylett, Ruth

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KW - anti-bullying intervention

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KW - longitudinal study

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