Information transmission in young children: when social information is more important than nonsocial information

Nicola McGuigan, Marcus Cubillo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The authors aim was to use a highly novel open diffusion paradigm to investigate the transmission of social information (i.e., gossip) and general knowledge within 2 groups of 10- and 11-year-old children. Four children, 2 from each group, acted as a primed information source, selected on the basis of sex and dominance ranking (high or low) within the group. Each source received 1 piece of gossip and 1 piece of general knowledge from the experimenter during natural class interaction, and the information was allowed to diffuse naturally within the group. Results revealed that gossip was transmitted more frequently than knowledge, and that male sources were more likely to transmit gossip than female sources. The relationship between characteristics of the source, and characteristics of the gossip recipient, also appeared influential with the dominant male source transmitting gossip to exclusively to friends, and the nondominant male source transmitting to individuals of higher peer regard than themselves.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)605-619
Number of pages15
JournalThe Journal of Genetic Psychology
Volume174
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • gossip, open diffusion, source dominance, source sex, transmission biases

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