Magnesium fluoride (MgF2) materials are commonly used for near/medium infrared anti-reflection optical coatings due to their low refractive index and wide-range transparency. Ion assistant deposition is an important technique to increase the density of MgF2 and reduce absorption around 2.94 µm caused by high porosity and moisture adsorption. However, the excessive energy of Argon ion will induce a color center and; therefore, lead to UV/Visible absorption. In this paper, oxygen ion was introduced to reduce the color center effect in MgF2 thin film deposited using electron beam evaporation with ion assistant. The films were deposited on Bk7 and single crystal silicon substrates under various oxygen ion beam currents. The microstructure, optical constant, film density, stress, and adhesion are investigated, including the absorption properties at the infrared hydroxyl (–OH) vibration peak. The results show that as the oxygen ion beam current increases, the absorption value at the position of the infrared OH vibration, defects, and stress of the film decrease, while the refractive index increases. However, MgF2 has poor adhesion using oxygen ion-assisted deposition. Thin MgF2 film without ion beam assistant was used as adhesive layer, high density, and low absorption MgF2 film with good adhesion was obtained.
- Color center absorption
- Crystal frequency