Individual and social network predictors of the short-term stability of bullying victimization in the United Kingdom and Germany.

Maria Sapouna, Dieter Wolke, Natalie Vannini, Scott Watson, Sarah Woods, Wolfgang Schneider, Sibylle Enz, Ruth Aylett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background.
There is still relatively little research on the social context within which bullying develops and remains stable.
Aim.
This study examined the short-term stability of bullying victimization among primary school students in the United Kingdom and Germany (mean age, 8.9 years) and the individual and social network factors that contributed to remaining a victim of bullying.
Sample.
The sample consisted of 454 children (247 males and 207 females).
Methods.
Participants completed questionnaires on bullying victimization at three assessment points over a 9-week period. Other measures consisted of self-reported demographic, peer, and family relationship characteristics. Social network indices of density, reciprocity, and hierarchy were constructed using friendship and peer acceptance nominations.
Results.
Relative risk analyses indicated a six-fold increased risk of remaining a victim at consequent follow-ups, compared to a child not victimized at baseline becoming a victim over the follow-up period. Individual characteristics explained substantially more variance in the stability of bullying victimization than class-level factors. Hierarchical logistic regression analyses revealed that being victimized by siblings and being rejected by peers predicted remaining a victim over a 9-week period.
Conclusions.
Bullying victimization among primary school students proved moderately stable over a 9-week period. Individual characteristics were more influential in predicting the stable victim role than class-level factors. Our findings have implications for the identification of stable victims in primary school and early preventative bullying programs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-240
Number of pages16
JournalBritish Journal of Educational Psychology
Volume82
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012
Externally publishedYes

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Bullying
Crime Victims
Social Support
victimization
Germany
social network
exclusion
primary school
Students
Family Relations
United Kingdom
reciprocity
friendship
Siblings
student
acceptance
Logistic Models
logistics
Regression Analysis
Demography

Cite this

Sapouna, Maria ; Wolke, Dieter ; Vannini, Natalie ; Watson, Scott ; Woods, Sarah ; Schneider, Wolfgang ; Enz, Sibylle ; Aylett, Ruth. / Individual and social network predictors of the short-term stability of bullying victimization in the United Kingdom and Germany. In: British Journal of Educational Psychology. 2012 ; Vol. 82, No. 2. pp. 225-240.
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abstract = "Background. There is still relatively little research on the social context within which bullying develops and remains stable. Aim. This study examined the short-term stability of bullying victimization among primary school students in the United Kingdom and Germany (mean age, 8.9 years) and the individual and social network factors that contributed to remaining a victim of bullying. Sample. The sample consisted of 454 children (247 males and 207 females). Methods. Participants completed questionnaires on bullying victimization at three assessment points over a 9-week period. Other measures consisted of self-reported demographic, peer, and family relationship characteristics. Social network indices of density, reciprocity, and hierarchy were constructed using friendship and peer acceptance nominations. Results. Relative risk analyses indicated a six-fold increased risk of remaining a victim at consequent follow-ups, compared to a child not victimized at baseline becoming a victim over the follow-up period. Individual characteristics explained substantially more variance in the stability of bullying victimization than class-level factors. Hierarchical logistic regression analyses revealed that being victimized by siblings and being rejected by peers predicted remaining a victim over a 9-week period. Conclusions. Bullying victimization among primary school students proved moderately stable over a 9-week period. Individual characteristics were more influential in predicting the stable victim role than class-level factors. Our findings have implications for the identification of stable victims in primary school and early preventative bullying programs.",
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Individual and social network predictors of the short-term stability of bullying victimization in the United Kingdom and Germany. / Sapouna, Maria; Wolke, Dieter; Vannini, Natalie; Watson, Scott; Woods, Sarah; Schneider, Wolfgang; Enz, Sibylle; Aylett, Ruth.

In: British Journal of Educational Psychology, Vol. 82, No. 2, 06.2012, p. 225-240.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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