Increasing the resilience of cultural heritage to climate change through the application of a learning strategy

Elena Sesana, Chiara Bertolin, Arian Loli, Alexandre S. Gagnon, John Hughes, Johanna Leissner

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Abstract

There is growing concern about the threat posed by climate change to cultural heritage, notably to World Heritage properties. Climate change is triggering changes in rainfall patterns, humidity and temperature, as well as increasing exposure to severe weather events that can negatively impact on cultural heritage materials and structures by enhancing the mechanical, chemical and biological processes causing degradation. In response to this climate change challenge, the Climate for Culture (CfC) project, funded by the European Commission, investigated the impacts of climate change on the European cultural heritage through the use of a high-resolution regional climate model that projected future changes in climatic conditions, and simulated the future conditions of the interiors of historical buildings and their impacts on the collections they hold using building simulation tools. This paper compares the climate change impacts on cultural heritage identified by the CfC project with semi-structured interviews with experts working on cultural heritage preservation in Norway, Italy and the UK. Hence, the perceptions of the cultural heritage community on the impacts of climate change on heritage assets are first explored, which are then compared with the risk matrices produced by the CfC project as a decision-support tool to inform managers involved in the preservation of cultural heritage. In addition, the learning strategy underpinning examples of climate change adaptive measures applied to cultural heritage is discussed. Through the identification of the current learning strategy in the case study sites, this research highlights the lack of dissemination of the outcomes of scientific research to managers of cultural heritage in the context of adaptation to climate change impacts.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTransdisciplinary Multispectral Modeling and Cooperation for the Preservation of Cultural Heritage
Subtitle of host publicationCommunications in Computer and Information Science
EditorsA. Moropoulou , M. Korres, A. Georgopoulos, C. Spyrakos, C. Mouzakis
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer Nature Switzerland AG
Pages402-423
Number of pages22
Volume961
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-12957-6
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-12956-9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2019

Publication series

NameCommunications in Computer and Information Science
PublisherSpringer
Volume961
ISSN (Print)1865-0929

Fingerprint

cultural heritage
learning
climate change
climate
Cultural Heritage
Resilience
Climate Change
Learning Strategies
severe weather
European Commission
chemical process
biological processes
regional climate
climate modeling
humidity
rainfall
degradation
matrix
Climate

Keywords

  • Cultural heritage
  • Climate change
  • Adaptation
  • Resilience
  • Learning strategies

Cite this

Sesana, E., Bertolin, C., Loli, A., Gagnon, A. S., Hughes, J., & Leissner, J. (2019). Increasing the resilience of cultural heritage to climate change through the application of a learning strategy. In A. Moropoulou , M. Korres, A. Georgopoulos, C. Spyrakos, & C. Mouzakis (Eds.), Transdisciplinary Multispectral Modeling and Cooperation for the Preservation of Cultural Heritage: Communications in Computer and Information Science (Vol. 961, pp. 402-423). (Communications in Computer and Information Science; Vol. 961). Cham: Springer Nature Switzerland AG. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-12957-6_29
Sesana, Elena ; Bertolin, Chiara ; Loli, Arian ; Gagnon, Alexandre S. ; Hughes, John ; Leissner, Johanna. / Increasing the resilience of cultural heritage to climate change through the application of a learning strategy. Transdisciplinary Multispectral Modeling and Cooperation for the Preservation of Cultural Heritage: Communications in Computer and Information Science. editor / A. Moropoulou ; M. Korres ; A. Georgopoulos ; C. Spyrakos ; C. Mouzakis . Vol. 961 Cham : Springer Nature Switzerland AG, 2019. pp. 402-423 (Communications in Computer and Information Science).
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abstract = "There is growing concern about the threat posed by climate change to cultural heritage, notably to World Heritage properties. Climate change is triggering changes in rainfall patterns, humidity and temperature, as well as increasing exposure to severe weather events that can negatively impact on cultural heritage materials and structures by enhancing the mechanical, chemical and biological processes causing degradation. In response to this climate change challenge, the Climate for Culture (CfC) project, funded by the European Commission, investigated the impacts of climate change on the European cultural heritage through the use of a high-resolution regional climate model that projected future changes in climatic conditions, and simulated the future conditions of the interiors of historical buildings and their impacts on the collections they hold using building simulation tools. This paper compares the climate change impacts on cultural heritage identified by the CfC project with semi-structured interviews with experts working on cultural heritage preservation in Norway, Italy and the UK. Hence, the perceptions of the cultural heritage community on the impacts of climate change on heritage assets are first explored, which are then compared with the risk matrices produced by the CfC project as a decision-support tool to inform managers involved in the preservation of cultural heritage. In addition, the learning strategy underpinning examples of climate change adaptive measures applied to cultural heritage is discussed. Through the identification of the current learning strategy in the case study sites, this research highlights the lack of dissemination of the outcomes of scientific research to managers of cultural heritage in the context of adaptation to climate change impacts.",
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author = "Elena Sesana and Chiara Bertolin and Arian Loli and Gagnon, {Alexandre S.} and John Hughes and Johanna Leissner",
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Sesana, E, Bertolin, C, Loli, A, Gagnon, AS, Hughes, J & Leissner, J 2019, Increasing the resilience of cultural heritage to climate change through the application of a learning strategy. in A Moropoulou , M Korres, A Georgopoulos, C Spyrakos & C Mouzakis (eds), Transdisciplinary Multispectral Modeling and Cooperation for the Preservation of Cultural Heritage: Communications in Computer and Information Science. vol. 961, Communications in Computer and Information Science, vol. 961, Springer Nature Switzerland AG, Cham, pp. 402-423. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-12957-6_29

Increasing the resilience of cultural heritage to climate change through the application of a learning strategy. / Sesana, Elena; Bertolin, Chiara; Loli, Arian; Gagnon, Alexandre S.; Hughes, John; Leissner, Johanna.

Transdisciplinary Multispectral Modeling and Cooperation for the Preservation of Cultural Heritage: Communications in Computer and Information Science. ed. / A. Moropoulou ; M. Korres; A. Georgopoulos; C. Spyrakos; C. Mouzakis . Vol. 961 Cham : Springer Nature Switzerland AG, 2019. p. 402-423 (Communications in Computer and Information Science; Vol. 961).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AU - Hughes, John

AU - Leissner, Johanna

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PB - Springer Nature Switzerland AG

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Sesana E, Bertolin C, Loli A, Gagnon AS, Hughes J, Leissner J. Increasing the resilience of cultural heritage to climate change through the application of a learning strategy. In Moropoulou A, Korres M, Georgopoulos A, Spyrakos C, Mouzakis C, editors, Transdisciplinary Multispectral Modeling and Cooperation for the Preservation of Cultural Heritage: Communications in Computer and Information Science. Vol. 961. Cham: Springer Nature Switzerland AG. 2019. p. 402-423. (Communications in Computer and Information Science). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-12957-6_29