Income generation in public libraries: potentials and pitfalls

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


– The aim of this paper is to discuss the literature on income generation methods in the context of the “public library ethos”. As public libraries are struggling with cuts to public spending almost everywhere, the topic of “income generation” to supplement public funding is highly relevant.

– The article is a review of existing literature about income generation methods and public library ethos.

– The literature review reports on a large variety of income generation methods – some of them are country-specific and only applicable in particular political, legal and cultural environments, others could be applied by librarians across borders. The review makes clear that income generation is difficult and requires skill. It also clearly outlines the potential incompatibilities between some income generation methods and the public library ethos.

Practical implications
– The article raises important issues with regards to how practitioners should go about funding existing or new services. It becomes clear that librarians need a clear ethical position regarding how services can be provided and under which conditions services cannot be provided on the basis of principled reasoning.

– A broad range of literature on income generation and public library ethos from various countries is reviewed and questions regarding how public librarians, on a practical level, can improve their institutions’ funding situation are discussed. This praxis-oriented discussion is connected to important ethical considerations that should come into play when devising an income generation strategy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)560-573
Number of pages14
JournalLibrary Review
Issue number8/9
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Library services
  • Public libraries
  • age of austerity
  • income generation
  • library funding


Dive into the research topics of 'Income generation in public libraries: potentials and pitfalls'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this