Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are encouraging platforms for efficient energetic transformation reactions and storage systems in the merits of improved mass conduction and improved electrode kinetics due to intrinsically high porosity with constructional perfections and extended surface sites. These structural and compositional features reflect the significance of rational designing of involved materials for the attainment of eximious performance and reliability in these energy systems. The topological design, defect doping, templating, modular construction, etching conversion, gelation, growth on mesoporous materials and so on, are identified as the manufacturing strategies to attain desired porosity and chemical nature of MOFs. In this work, the in situ growth of MOF related materials is highly emphasized for various energy conversion and storage purposes due to its ease of preparation and prolonged longevity of catalyst over repeated electrochemical events. Moreover, the significance of using diverse substrates (Metal substratum, Graphene oxide, Nickel foam, Graphene aerogel and so on) in modulating the chemical composition of MOF matrix has been described thoroughly. Finally, the foremost challenges (entanglement of foreign moieties at interior sites of MOF through in-situ synthetic route) have been highlighted with a few plausible recommendations.
|Title of host publication||Reference Module in Materials Science and Materials Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Jul 2021|
- energy storage
- energy conversion
- meta-organic frameworks
- in-situ growth