Improving ornamental fish welfare during commercial transport

Myriam Vanderzwalmen, Katherine Sloman, Donna Snellgrove, Peter Carey

Research output: Contribution to conferencePresentation

Abstract

Millions of ornamental fishes undergo transport every year and as a result can experience high levels of stress. Previous research has focused on maintaining good water quality during transport; few studies have considered how the transport environment might be manipulated, e.g. using water conditioners or enrichment to enhance fish welfare. We investigated whether a commercial water conditioner (containingAloe vera) or environmental enrichment could improve the welfare of variatus platy (Xiphophorus variatus) during commercial transport. Firstly, water conditioner was added to transport bags for either long (Singapore to Scotland, > 30 h; n=16 bags of fish with and without water conditioner) or short (wholesaler to retailer within Scotland, < 9 h; n=11) commercial transports. Secondly, enrichment was added to transport bags for short (< 9 h; n =12 bags with and without enrichment) commercial transports. Behaviour, mortality and body injuries of platys were monitored on arrival at their destinations. No differences in mortality or body injury were seen between treatments and controls; mortality remained low throughout (<5%). Following long-haul transport, platys shipped with water conditioner showed less erratic swimming and were less aggressive during recovery. Addition of water conditioner during the shorter transport also resulted in less erratic swimming behaviour, although here an increase in chasing behaviour was seen during recovery. These studies indicate that the use of water conditioners and enrichment warrants further research, particularly within transport chains were higher levels of mortality exist.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jul 2019
EventSociety for Experimental Biology's Annual Meeting: Costa Del Science - FIBES II Conference and Exhibition Centre, Seville, Spain
Duration: 2 Jul 20195 Jul 2019
http://www.sebiology.org/events/event/seb-seville-2019

Conference

ConferenceSociety for Experimental Biology's Annual Meeting
CountrySpain
CitySeville
Period2/07/195/07/19
Internet address

Fingerprint

ornamental fish
bags
water
Scotland
environmental enrichment
Singapore
fish
water quality

Cite this

Vanderzwalmen, M., Sloman, K., Snellgrove, D., & Carey, P. (2019). Improving ornamental fish welfare during commercial transport. Society for Experimental Biology's Annual Meeting, Seville, Spain.
Vanderzwalmen, Myriam ; Sloman, Katherine ; Snellgrove, Donna ; Carey, Peter. / Improving ornamental fish welfare during commercial transport. Society for Experimental Biology's Annual Meeting, Seville, Spain.
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abstract = "Millions of ornamental fishes undergo transport every year and as a result can experience high levels of stress. Previous research has focused on maintaining good water quality during transport; few studies have considered how the transport environment might be manipulated, e.g. using water conditioners or enrichment to enhance fish welfare. We investigated whether a commercial water conditioner (containingAloe vera) or environmental enrichment could improve the welfare of variatus platy (Xiphophorus variatus) during commercial transport. Firstly, water conditioner was added to transport bags for either long (Singapore to Scotland, > 30 h; n=16 bags of fish with and without water conditioner) or short (wholesaler to retailer within Scotland, < 9 h; n=11) commercial transports. Secondly, enrichment was added to transport bags for short (< 9 h; n =12 bags with and without enrichment) commercial transports. Behaviour, mortality and body injuries of platys were monitored on arrival at their destinations. No differences in mortality or body injury were seen between treatments and controls; mortality remained low throughout (<5{\%}). Following long-haul transport, platys shipped with water conditioner showed less erratic swimming and were less aggressive during recovery. Addition of water conditioner during the shorter transport also resulted in less erratic swimming behaviour, although here an increase in chasing behaviour was seen during recovery. These studies indicate that the use of water conditioners and enrichment warrants further research, particularly within transport chains were higher levels of mortality exist.",
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Vanderzwalmen, M, Sloman, K, Snellgrove, D & Carey, P 2019, 'Improving ornamental fish welfare during commercial transport', Society for Experimental Biology's Annual Meeting, Seville, Spain, 2/07/19 - 5/07/19.

Improving ornamental fish welfare during commercial transport. / Vanderzwalmen, Myriam; Sloman, Katherine; Snellgrove, Donna; Carey, Peter.

2019. Society for Experimental Biology's Annual Meeting, Seville, Spain.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePresentation

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T1 - Improving ornamental fish welfare during commercial transport

AU - Vanderzwalmen, Myriam

AU - Sloman, Katherine

AU - Snellgrove, Donna

AU - Carey, Peter

PY - 2019/7/2

Y1 - 2019/7/2

N2 - Millions of ornamental fishes undergo transport every year and as a result can experience high levels of stress. Previous research has focused on maintaining good water quality during transport; few studies have considered how the transport environment might be manipulated, e.g. using water conditioners or enrichment to enhance fish welfare. We investigated whether a commercial water conditioner (containingAloe vera) or environmental enrichment could improve the welfare of variatus platy (Xiphophorus variatus) during commercial transport. Firstly, water conditioner was added to transport bags for either long (Singapore to Scotland, > 30 h; n=16 bags of fish with and without water conditioner) or short (wholesaler to retailer within Scotland, < 9 h; n=11) commercial transports. Secondly, enrichment was added to transport bags for short (< 9 h; n =12 bags with and without enrichment) commercial transports. Behaviour, mortality and body injuries of platys were monitored on arrival at their destinations. No differences in mortality or body injury were seen between treatments and controls; mortality remained low throughout (<5%). Following long-haul transport, platys shipped with water conditioner showed less erratic swimming and were less aggressive during recovery. Addition of water conditioner during the shorter transport also resulted in less erratic swimming behaviour, although here an increase in chasing behaviour was seen during recovery. These studies indicate that the use of water conditioners and enrichment warrants further research, particularly within transport chains were higher levels of mortality exist.

AB - Millions of ornamental fishes undergo transport every year and as a result can experience high levels of stress. Previous research has focused on maintaining good water quality during transport; few studies have considered how the transport environment might be manipulated, e.g. using water conditioners or enrichment to enhance fish welfare. We investigated whether a commercial water conditioner (containingAloe vera) or environmental enrichment could improve the welfare of variatus platy (Xiphophorus variatus) during commercial transport. Firstly, water conditioner was added to transport bags for either long (Singapore to Scotland, > 30 h; n=16 bags of fish with and without water conditioner) or short (wholesaler to retailer within Scotland, < 9 h; n=11) commercial transports. Secondly, enrichment was added to transport bags for short (< 9 h; n =12 bags with and without enrichment) commercial transports. Behaviour, mortality and body injuries of platys were monitored on arrival at their destinations. No differences in mortality or body injury were seen between treatments and controls; mortality remained low throughout (<5%). Following long-haul transport, platys shipped with water conditioner showed less erratic swimming and were less aggressive during recovery. Addition of water conditioner during the shorter transport also resulted in less erratic swimming behaviour, although here an increase in chasing behaviour was seen during recovery. These studies indicate that the use of water conditioners and enrichment warrants further research, particularly within transport chains were higher levels of mortality exist.

M3 - Presentation

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Vanderzwalmen M, Sloman K, Snellgrove D, Carey P. Improving ornamental fish welfare during commercial transport. 2019. Society for Experimental Biology's Annual Meeting, Seville, Spain.