Improving collaboration in construction projects in developing countries: the case of Kurdistan region of Iraq

Hazhar Faris*, David Hutchinson, Mark Gaterell

*Corresponding author for this work

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The construction sector is criticised for being fragmented and for having a large number of problems between stakeholders such as adversarial relationships, lack of trust and ineffective communication. These issues emerge especially in developing countries. Collaboration has been introduced as a solution to such issues. However, delivering an effective process of collaboration is a challenge with a wide range of factors involved. This paper identifies and sorts the critical factors that affect collaboration in the construction sector and recommends ways to adapt such factors in the sector. Through a comprehensive review of the literature, two groups of critical success factors have been identified to improve such practices, hard factors and soft factors. This study contributes to the scarce literature about collaboration in the construction industry in the Kurdistan and identifies factors of collaboration that construction projects need to adopt in order to improve their performance.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe 10th International Conference on Engineering, Project, and Production Management
EditorsKriengsak Panuwatwanich, Chien-Ho Ko
Place of PublicationSingapore
PublisherSpringer Singapore
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9789811519109
ISBN (Print)9789811519093
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2020
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering
ISSN (Print)2195-4356
ISSN (Electronic)2195-4364


  • collaboration
  • critical factors
  • construction
  • developing countries
  • Kurdistan-Iraq


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