Hydration of C3S, C2S and their Blends. Micro- and Nanoscale Characterization

F. Puertas, S. Goñi, M.S. Hernández, A. Guerrero, C Varga, M. Palacios, J.S. Dolado, Wenzhong Zhu, Torsten Howind

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


This study forms part of wider research conducted under a EU 7th Framework Programme (COmputationally Driven design of Innovative CEment-based materials or CODICE). The ultimate aim is the multi-scale modelling of the variations in mechanical performance in degraded and non-degraded cementitious matrices. The model is being experimentally validated by hydrating the main tri-calcium silicate (T1-C3S) and bi-calcium silicate (β-C2S), phases present in Portland cement and their blends.

The present paper discusses micro- and nanoscale studies of the cementitious skeletons forming during the hydration of C3S, C2S and 70 % / 30 % blends of both C3S/C2S and C2S/C3S with a water/cement ratio of 0.4. The hydrated pastes were characterized at different curing ages with 29Si NMR, SEM/TEM/EDS, BET, and nanoindentation. The findings served as a basis for the micro- and nanoscale characterization of the hydration products formed, especially C-S-H gels. Differences were identified in composition, structure and mechanical behaviour (nanoindentation), depending on whether the gels formed in C3S or C2S pastes. The C3S gels had more compact morphologies, smaller BET-N2 specific surface area and lesser porosity than the gels from C2S-rich pastes. The results of nanoindentation tests appear to indicate that the various C-S-H phases formed in hydrated C3S and C2S have the same mechanical properties as those formed in Portland cement paste. Compared to the C3S sample, the hydrated C2S specimen was dominated by the loose-packed (LP) and the low-density (LD) C-S-H phases, and had a much lower content of the high density (HD) C-S-H phase.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 13th International Congress on the Chemistry of Cement
EditorsAngel Palomo, Aniceto Zaragoza, Juan Carlos Lopez Agui
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011
Event13th International Congress on the Chemistry of Cement - Madrid, Spain
Duration: 3 Jul 20118 Jul 2011


Conference13th International Congress on the Chemistry of Cement


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