Human bond communications: architectures, challenges and possibilities

Tayaba Iftikhar, Hasan Ali Khattak, Zobia Ameer, Munam Ali Shah, Faisal Qureshi, Muhammad Zeeshan Shakir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
234 Downloads (Pure)


Recent advancements in wireless networks and sensor technologies have enabled continuous monitoring of remote patients. This has opened doors for exploring new frontiers in the domain of smart health-care especially patient monitoring and diagnosis. Scientists and researchers have scouted the novel domain of human bond communications (HBC), which suggests
detection and transmission of information using all five human senses (sight, smell, sound, touch, and taste). HBC not only enables these senses to be replicated at a remote location but also helps in diagnosis of several ailments through monitoring. Such a holistic communication medium is facilitated through specialized devices that help health-care experts in making crucial and timely data driven decisions for their patients. In this work, we present state of the art research on HBC and possible
interactions between HBC and remote health-care. We present a model HBC framework to assist monitoring and diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) patients. We also mention possible applications as well as challenges posed by HBC applications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-25
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Communications Magazine
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2019


  • human bond communication
  • remote healthcare
  • sensory substitution
  • patient monitoring


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