High intensity cycle ergometer performance and resistive force selection: total body mass or fat free mass?

J.S. Baker, D.M. Bailey, B. Davies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

High intensity cycle ergometry of 30s duration has been widely employed to assess indices of muscle performance during maximal exercise. Traditionally, the resistive force established for such a test is determined from total body mass for a friction loaded Monark cycle ergometer, i.e. 75g.kg(-1). More recent studies have shown that traditional forces may be too light to elicit maximal performances and that optimisation protocols can produce higher peak power outputs (PPO). Conceptually, selecting the optimal resistive force according to total body mass may riot be the best approach. Fat free mass or active muscle mass may be better alternatives. Because body mass and not composition is the most commonly used index to determine resistive force, over- or underestimation of resistive force may occur. The aim of this review is to examine friction loaded cycle ergometer performance using resistive forces derived from total body mass (TBM) and fat free mass (FFM).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-249
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Human Movement Studies
Volume42
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Friction
Riots
Fats
Ergometry
Muscles
Light
caN protocol

Keywords

  • cycle ergometry
  • high intensity
  • Wingate anaerobic test
  • exercise
  • optimization
  • power
  • fatigue
  • outputs
  • weight
  • muscle

Cite this

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title = "High intensity cycle ergometer performance and resistive force selection: total body mass or fat free mass?",
abstract = "High intensity cycle ergometry of 30s duration has been widely employed to assess indices of muscle performance during maximal exercise. Traditionally, the resistive force established for such a test is determined from total body mass for a friction loaded Monark cycle ergometer, i.e. 75g.kg(-1). More recent studies have shown that traditional forces may be too light to elicit maximal performances and that optimisation protocols can produce higher peak power outputs (PPO). Conceptually, selecting the optimal resistive force according to total body mass may riot be the best approach. Fat free mass or active muscle mass may be better alternatives. Because body mass and not composition is the most commonly used index to determine resistive force, over- or underestimation of resistive force may occur. The aim of this review is to examine friction loaded cycle ergometer performance using resistive forces derived from total body mass (TBM) and fat free mass (FFM).",
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High intensity cycle ergometer performance and resistive force selection : total body mass or fat free mass? / Baker, J.S.; Bailey, D.M.; Davies, B.

In: Journal of Human Movement Studies, Vol. 42, No. 3, 2002, p. 237-249.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - High intensity cycle ergometer performance and resistive force selection

T2 - total body mass or fat free mass?

AU - Baker, J.S.

AU - Bailey, D.M.

AU - Davies, B.

PY - 2002

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KW - Wingate anaerobic test

KW - exercise

KW - optimization

KW - power

KW - fatigue

KW - outputs

KW - weight

KW - muscle

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