Guidelines for Citizenship Education in School: The Inclusion of Minority Groups

Paula Cowan, Georgia Dede, Nikolina Kenig, Ognen Spasovski, Birutė Balsevičienė (Contributor), Vaiva Zuzevičiūtė (Contributor), George Nikolaou (Contributor), Julia Katsillis (Contributor), Hugo Verkest (Contributor)

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report


As demographic changes arise throughout European countries as a result of the continuing influx of refugees/migrants, the European Union has to handle the racial, cultural, ethnic, religious and linguistic heterogeneity of the population, which raise questions of inclusion related to active citizenship, human rights, democracy and education. At the same time, theEU is responsible for providing refugees/migrants with the essentials for ensuring their successful inclusion and social growth (Spinthourakis &Lalor, 2011).
This guide attempts to capture the importance of inclusive education of minority students in ‘school and early years’ by examining both the challenges faced by European educational systems and examples of practices. These challenges and responses are reflected differently according to each country’s social reality.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherEuropean Union
Commissioning bodyEuropean Commission
Number of pages41
Publication statusPublished - 25 Aug 2018

Publication series

NameChildren’s Identity and Citizenship in Europe
PublisherCiCe Jean Monnet Network


  • ethnic minorities
  • citizenship


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