Global Bioethics and the Problems of Collective Identity

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper is in two parts, both of which are concerned to explore the justificatory
presuppositions and limits of the idea of a universal framework for bioethical judgments; a global
bioethics. The first part takes up the issues of the meaning and justification of global bioethics.
After distinguishing the different ways in which global bioethics may be understood, various
strategies for justifying the project are described. It is argued that in the absence of an actual
global consensus on the content of the framework, a procedure for establishing what that content
should be is required. This requirement is explored by outlining the contributions of Hermeneutics
and Critical Theory. This part of the paper concludes with the view that one central presupposition
of the project of global bioethics is that there is, or could be, a global consensus about the general
norms of reason and discourse that disagreements over the ethical content of the framework should
observe. Part two of the paper aims to explore one aspect of the rational limit to global bioethics
that is revealed by the interplay between it and the claims of collective identity that groups of
people make. The paper concludes that because of its ‘existential connotations' identity may be
resistant to rational scrutiny, which paradoxically may not be irrational. Those for whom the
‘language of identity' gives way to the ‘language of interests' may well be able to engage in
compromise and negotiation towards consensus on ethical principles and values.
Original languageEnglish
JournalStudies in Ethics, Law, and Technology
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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Cite this

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title = "Global Bioethics and the Problems of Collective Identity",
abstract = "This paper is in two parts, both of which are concerned to explore the justificatorypresuppositions and limits of the idea of a universal framework for bioethical judgments; a globalbioethics. The first part takes up the issues of the meaning and justification of global bioethics.After distinguishing the different ways in which global bioethics may be understood, variousstrategies for justifying the project are described. It is argued that in the absence of an actualglobal consensus on the content of the framework, a procedure for establishing what that contentshould be is required. This requirement is explored by outlining the contributions of Hermeneuticsand Critical Theory. This part of the paper concludes with the view that one central presuppositionof the project of global bioethics is that there is, or could be, a global consensus about the generalnorms of reason and discourse that disagreements over the ethical content of the framework shouldobserve. Part two of the paper aims to explore one aspect of the rational limit to global bioethicsthat is revealed by the interplay between it and the claims of collective identity that groups ofpeople make. The paper concludes that because of its ‘existential connotations' identity may beresistant to rational scrutiny, which paradoxically may not be irrational. Those for whom the‘language of identity' gives way to the ‘language of interests' may well be able to engage incompromise and negotiation towards consensus on ethical principles and values.",
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Global Bioethics and the Problems of Collective Identity. / Gunson, Darryl.

In: Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology, Vol. 4, No. 1, 2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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