Gemini surfactant-modified activated carbon for remediation of hexavalent chromium from water

Yingying Zhou, Zhenghua Wang, Andrew Hursthouse, Bozhi Ren

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Abstract

Gemini surfactants, with double hydrophilic and hydrophobic groups, offer potentially orders of magnitude greater surface activity compared to similar single unit molecules. A cationic Gemini surfactant (Propyl didodecyldimethylammonium Bromide, PDDDAB) and a conventional cationic surfactant (Dodecyltrimethylammonium Bromide, DTAB) were used to pre-treat and generate activated carbon. The removal efficiency of the surfactant-modified activated carbon through adsorption of chromium(VI) was investigated under controlled laboratory conditions. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to investigate the surface changes of surfactant-modified activated carbon. The effect of important parameters such as adsorbent dosage, pH, ionic strength and contact time were also investigated. The chromium(VI) was adsorbed more significantly on the Gemini surfactant-modified activated carbon than on the conventional surfactant-modified activated carbon. The correlation coefficients show the data best fit the Freundlich model, which confirms the monolayer adsorption of chromium(VI) onto Gemini surfactant-modified activated carbon. From this assessment, the surfactant-modified (especially Gemini surfactant-modified) activated carbon in this study showed promise for practical applications to treat water pollution.
Original languageEnglish
Article number91
Number of pages13
JournalWATER
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • gemini surfactant
  • modification
  • chromium (VI)
  • adsorption
  • activated carbon

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  • Activities

    • 1 Types of Award - Fellowship awarded competitively

    High End Expert Scholarship – Hunan Regional Government

    Andrew Hursthouse (Recipient)

    20162019

    Activity: OtherTypes of Award - Fellowship awarded competitively

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