Gas sensor with radiation guide

Desmond Robert Gibson (Inventor), Calum John Mcgregor (Inventor), Ewan Mackinnon Waddell (Inventor)

Research output: Patent

Abstract

An optical absorption gas sensor includes a radiation source, detector and a radiation guide. The radiation source and detector are close together and in thermal communication. The radiation guide has a rectangular cross section and curves in a first sense, around an axis parallel to the major dimension of the rectangular cross section, and then in a second opposite sense, and again in the first sense. A relatively long path for radiation is provided in a compact device, without the attenuation of radiation which would occur if the radiation guide did not have a rectangular cross section and curved only around an axis parallel to the major dimension of the rectangular cross section. A reference measurement can be obtained by mounting a reference radiation source behind a translucent measurement radiation source and directing radiation from the reference radiation source through the measurement radiation source. Radiation from a reference radiation source may be directed around the measurement reference source. Measurement and reference signals can be obtained by using a light emitting diode to generate radiation which is detected by a photodiode, in a first operating mode, and driving the photodiode to generate radiation having a different emission spectrum while detecting the resulting radiation using the light emitting diode, in a second operating mode. An optical absorption gas sensor may be manufactured by abutting two or more L-shaped radiation guide portions to form a radiation guide. The radiation guide has an interior surface operable to reflect radiation emitted by the radiation source of the optical absorption gas sensor.
Original languageEnglish
Patent numberUS2013026369
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jan 2010

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