Functional fitness and self-reported quality of life of older women diagnosed with knee osteoarthrosis: a cross-sectional case control study

Paula Andréa Malveira Cavalcante, Márcio Roberto Doro, Frank Shiguemitsu Suzuki, Roberta Luksevicius Rica, Andrey Jorge Serra, Francisco Luciano Pontes Junior, Alexandre Lopes Evangelista, Aylton José Figueira Junior, Julien Steven Baker, Danilo Sales Bocalini

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Abstract

Aim

Utilizing a cross-sectional case control design, the aim of this study was to evaluate the functional fitness and self-reported quality of life differences in older people diagnosed with knee osteoarthrosis (O) who participated in health promotion groups. 

Methods

Ninety older women were distributed into two groups: control without O of the knee (C, n = 40) and a group diagnosed with primary and secondary knee O with grade II or higher, with definite osteophytes (OA, n = 50). Functional fitness was evaluated by specific tests, and the time spent in physical activity and quality of life was evaluated by the IPAQ and WHOQOL (distributed in four domains: physical: P, psychological: PS, social: S, and environmental: E) domain questionnaires. 

Results

No differences were found between ages of groups (C: 66 ± 7; OA: 67 ± 9; years). The values of the chair stand test (rep) in the OA (13 ± 5) group were different when compared to C group (22 ± 5). For the 6-minute walk test (meters), the values obtained for the C (635 ± 142) were higher (P < 0.01) than the OA (297 ± 143) group. The time spent in physical activity (min) was greater (P < 0.001) in the control (220 ± 12) group compared to OA (100 ± 10) group. Higher values (P < 0.001) in all domains were found in the C (P: 69 ± 16, PS: 72 ± 17, S: 67 ± 15, E: 70 ± 15) group compared to OA (P: 48 ± 7, PS: 43 ± 8, S: 53 ± 13, E: 47 ± 14) group. 

Conclusion

Our data suggests that knee O, in older women, can promote a decline in time spent performing physical activity and functional fitness with decline in quality of life with an increase in sitting time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number841985
JournalJournal of Aging Research
Volume2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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    Cavalcante, P. A. M., Doro, M. R., Suzuki, F. S., Rica, R. L., Serra, A. J., Pontes Junior, F. L., Evangelista, A. L., Figueira Junior, A. J., Baker, J. S., & Bocalini, D. S. (2015). Functional fitness and self-reported quality of life of older women diagnosed with knee osteoarthrosis: a cross-sectional case control study. Journal of Aging Research, 2015, [841985]. https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/841985