Fitness testing of pediatric liver transplant recipients

Viswanath B. Unnithan, Suzanne H.E. Veehof, Philip Rosenthal, Christine Mudge, Teresa H. O'Brien, Patricia Painter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Liver transplantation is accepted as the standard management for end-stage liver disease in children. Pediatric heart and heart-lung transplant recipients have shown significantly diminished exercise capacities compared with age-matched, able-bodied, control subjects. The primary aim of this study is to compare the fitness levels of a group of pediatric liver transplant (LT) recipients (LT group, 20 boys, 9 girls; age, 8.9 ± 4.8 years; 56 ± 35 months posttransplantation) with a group of able-bodied control subjects (22 boys, 12 girls; age, 8.4 ± 3.8 years). The secondary aim is to compare the performance of the LT group against the Fitnessgram criterion standards. We assessed muscular endurance by means of a partial curl-up, flexibility by means of the back-saver sit and reach, and cardiorespiratory fitness by means of the progressive aerobic cardiovascular endurance run (PACER). The only significant (P < .05) difference between the 2 groups was the number of shuttles run in the PACER (control, 16.8 ± 9.8 v LT, 11.5 ± 8.4 shuttles). Other differences between the 2 groups were not significant. With regard to satisfying the Fitnessgram criterion standards, only 35% of the LT group achieved the standards for the partial curl-up, 88% of the LT group achieved the criterion standards for flexibility, and 0% achieved the standards for the PACER. These results indicate that the LT group has diminished exercise capacity. The origins of exercise limitations deserve further investigation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)206-212
Number of pages7
JournalLiver Transplantation
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2001
Externally publishedYes

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Exercise Test
Pediatrics
Transplants
Liver
Exercise
End Stage Liver Disease
Transplant Recipients
Liver Transplantation
Lung

Cite this

Unnithan, V. B., Veehof, S. H. E., Rosenthal, P., Mudge, C., O'Brien, T. H., & Painter, P. (2001). Fitness testing of pediatric liver transplant recipients. Liver Transplantation, 7(3), 206-212. https://doi.org/10.1053/jlts.2001.22324
Unnithan, Viswanath B. ; Veehof, Suzanne H.E. ; Rosenthal, Philip ; Mudge, Christine ; O'Brien, Teresa H. ; Painter, Patricia. / Fitness testing of pediatric liver transplant recipients. In: Liver Transplantation. 2001 ; Vol. 7, No. 3. pp. 206-212.
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Unnithan, VB, Veehof, SHE, Rosenthal, P, Mudge, C, O'Brien, TH & Painter, P 2001, 'Fitness testing of pediatric liver transplant recipients' Liver Transplantation, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 206-212. https://doi.org/10.1053/jlts.2001.22324

Fitness testing of pediatric liver transplant recipients. / Unnithan, Viswanath B.; Veehof, Suzanne H.E.; Rosenthal, Philip; Mudge, Christine; O'Brien, Teresa H.; Painter, Patricia.

In: Liver Transplantation, Vol. 7, No. 3, 03.2001, p. 206-212.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fitness testing of pediatric liver transplant recipients

AU - Unnithan, Viswanath B.

AU - Veehof, Suzanne H.E.

AU - Rosenthal, Philip

AU - Mudge, Christine

AU - O'Brien, Teresa H.

AU - Painter, Patricia

PY - 2001/3

Y1 - 2001/3

N2 - Liver transplantation is accepted as the standard management for end-stage liver disease in children. Pediatric heart and heart-lung transplant recipients have shown significantly diminished exercise capacities compared with age-matched, able-bodied, control subjects. The primary aim of this study is to compare the fitness levels of a group of pediatric liver transplant (LT) recipients (LT group, 20 boys, 9 girls; age, 8.9 ± 4.8 years; 56 ± 35 months posttransplantation) with a group of able-bodied control subjects (22 boys, 12 girls; age, 8.4 ± 3.8 years). The secondary aim is to compare the performance of the LT group against the Fitnessgram criterion standards. We assessed muscular endurance by means of a partial curl-up, flexibility by means of the back-saver sit and reach, and cardiorespiratory fitness by means of the progressive aerobic cardiovascular endurance run (PACER). The only significant (P < .05) difference between the 2 groups was the number of shuttles run in the PACER (control, 16.8 ± 9.8 v LT, 11.5 ± 8.4 shuttles). Other differences between the 2 groups were not significant. With regard to satisfying the Fitnessgram criterion standards, only 35% of the LT group achieved the standards for the partial curl-up, 88% of the LT group achieved the criterion standards for flexibility, and 0% achieved the standards for the PACER. These results indicate that the LT group has diminished exercise capacity. The origins of exercise limitations deserve further investigation.

AB - Liver transplantation is accepted as the standard management for end-stage liver disease in children. Pediatric heart and heart-lung transplant recipients have shown significantly diminished exercise capacities compared with age-matched, able-bodied, control subjects. The primary aim of this study is to compare the fitness levels of a group of pediatric liver transplant (LT) recipients (LT group, 20 boys, 9 girls; age, 8.9 ± 4.8 years; 56 ± 35 months posttransplantation) with a group of able-bodied control subjects (22 boys, 12 girls; age, 8.4 ± 3.8 years). The secondary aim is to compare the performance of the LT group against the Fitnessgram criterion standards. We assessed muscular endurance by means of a partial curl-up, flexibility by means of the back-saver sit and reach, and cardiorespiratory fitness by means of the progressive aerobic cardiovascular endurance run (PACER). The only significant (P < .05) difference between the 2 groups was the number of shuttles run in the PACER (control, 16.8 ± 9.8 v LT, 11.5 ± 8.4 shuttles). Other differences between the 2 groups were not significant. With regard to satisfying the Fitnessgram criterion standards, only 35% of the LT group achieved the standards for the partial curl-up, 88% of the LT group achieved the criterion standards for flexibility, and 0% achieved the standards for the PACER. These results indicate that the LT group has diminished exercise capacity. The origins of exercise limitations deserve further investigation.

U2 - 10.1053/jlts.2001.22324

DO - 10.1053/jlts.2001.22324

M3 - Article

VL - 7

SP - 206

EP - 212

JO - Liver Transplantation

JF - Liver Transplantation

SN - 1527-6473

IS - 3

ER -

Unnithan VB, Veehof SHE, Rosenthal P, Mudge C, O'Brien TH, Painter P. Fitness testing of pediatric liver transplant recipients. Liver Transplantation. 2001 Mar;7(3):206-212. https://doi.org/10.1053/jlts.2001.22324