Fabrication and characterization of multiband solar cells based on highly mismatched alloys

N. López, A.F. Braña, C. Garcia Nunez, M.J. Hernández, M. Cervera, M. Martínez, K.M. Yu, W. Walukiewicz, B.J. García

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

Multiband solar cells are one type of third generation photovoltaic devices in which an increase of the power conversion efficiency is achieved through the absorption of low energy photons while preserving a large band gap that determines the open circuit voltage. The ability to absorb photons from different parts of the solar spectrum originates from the presence of an intermediate energy band located within the band gap of the material. This intermediate band, acting as a stepping stone allows the absorption of low energy photons to transfer electrons from the valence band to the conduction band by a sequential two photons absorption process. It has been demonstrated that highly mismatched alloys offer a potential to be used as a model material system for practical realization of multiband solar cells. Dilute nitride GaAs1-xNx highly mismatched alloy with low mole fraction of N is a prototypical multiband semiconductor with a well-defined intermediate band. Currently, we are using chemical beam epitaxy to synthesize dilute nitride highly mismatched alloys. The materials are characterized by a variety of structural and optical methods to optimize their properties for multiband photovoltaic devices.
Original languageEnglish
Article number012067
Pages (from-to)1-4
Number of pages4
JournalIOP Journal of Physics Conference Series
Volume647
Issue numberConference 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

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solar cells
fabrication
photons
nitrides
solar spectra
open circuit voltage
epitaxy
preserving
energy bands
electron transfer
conduction bands
optics
valence
energy

Cite this

López, N., Braña, A. F., Nunez, C. G., Hernández, M. J., Cervera, M., Martínez, M., ... García, B. J. (2015). Fabrication and characterization of multiband solar cells based on highly mismatched alloys. IOP Journal of Physics Conference Series, 647(Conference 1), 1-4. [012067]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/647/1/012067
López, N. ; Braña, A.F. ; Nunez, C. Garcia ; Hernández, M.J. ; Cervera, M. ; Martínez, M. ; Yu, K.M. ; Walukiewicz, W. ; García, B.J. / Fabrication and characterization of multiband solar cells based on highly mismatched alloys. In: IOP Journal of Physics Conference Series. 2015 ; Vol. 647, No. Conference 1. pp. 1-4.
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abstract = "Multiband solar cells are one type of third generation photovoltaic devices in which an increase of the power conversion efficiency is achieved through the absorption of low energy photons while preserving a large band gap that determines the open circuit voltage. The ability to absorb photons from different parts of the solar spectrum originates from the presence of an intermediate energy band located within the band gap of the material. This intermediate band, acting as a stepping stone allows the absorption of low energy photons to transfer electrons from the valence band to the conduction band by a sequential two photons absorption process. It has been demonstrated that highly mismatched alloys offer a potential to be used as a model material system for practical realization of multiband solar cells. Dilute nitride GaAs1-xNx highly mismatched alloy with low mole fraction of N is a prototypical multiband semiconductor with a well-defined intermediate band. Currently, we are using chemical beam epitaxy to synthesize dilute nitride highly mismatched alloys. The materials are characterized by a variety of structural and optical methods to optimize their properties for multiband photovoltaic devices.",
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López, N, Braña, AF, Nunez, CG, Hernández, MJ, Cervera, M, Martínez, M, Yu, KM, Walukiewicz, W & García, BJ 2015, 'Fabrication and characterization of multiband solar cells based on highly mismatched alloys', IOP Journal of Physics Conference Series, vol. 647, no. Conference 1, 012067, pp. 1-4. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/647/1/012067

Fabrication and characterization of multiband solar cells based on highly mismatched alloys. / López, N.; Braña, A.F.; Nunez, C. Garcia; Hernández, M.J.; Cervera, M.; Martínez, M.; Yu, K.M.; Walukiewicz, W.; García, B.J.

In: IOP Journal of Physics Conference Series, Vol. 647, No. Conference 1, 012067, 2015, p. 1-4.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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AU - López, N.

AU - Braña, A.F.

AU - Nunez, C. Garcia

AU - Hernández, M.J.

AU - Cervera, M.

AU - Martínez, M.

AU - Yu, K.M.

AU - Walukiewicz, W.

AU - García, B.J.

PY - 2015

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AB - Multiband solar cells are one type of third generation photovoltaic devices in which an increase of the power conversion efficiency is achieved through the absorption of low energy photons while preserving a large band gap that determines the open circuit voltage. The ability to absorb photons from different parts of the solar spectrum originates from the presence of an intermediate energy band located within the band gap of the material. This intermediate band, acting as a stepping stone allows the absorption of low energy photons to transfer electrons from the valence band to the conduction band by a sequential two photons absorption process. It has been demonstrated that highly mismatched alloys offer a potential to be used as a model material system for practical realization of multiband solar cells. Dilute nitride GaAs1-xNx highly mismatched alloy with low mole fraction of N is a prototypical multiband semiconductor with a well-defined intermediate band. Currently, we are using chemical beam epitaxy to synthesize dilute nitride highly mismatched alloys. The materials are characterized by a variety of structural and optical methods to optimize their properties for multiband photovoltaic devices.

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