We have experimentally demonstrated that the effective thermal expansion coefficient of a fused silica fibre can be nulled by placing the fibre under a particular level of stress. Our technique involves heating the fibre and measuring how the fibre length changes with temperature as the stress on the fibre was systematically varied. This nulling of the effective thermal expansion coefficient should allow for the complete elimination of thermoelastic noise and is essential for allowing second generation gravitational wave detectors to reach their target sensitivity. To our knowledge this is the first time that the cancelation of the thermal expansion coefficient with stress has been experimentally observed.
Bell, C. J., Reid, S., Faller, J., Hammond, G. D., Hough, J., Martin, I. W., Rowan, S., & Tokmakov, K. V. (2014). Experimental results for nulling the effective thermal expansion coefficient of fused silica fibres under a static stress. Classical and Quantum Gravity, 31(6). https://doi.org/10.1088/0264-9381/31/6/065010