Experimental model of pain-free treadmill training in patients with claudication

Piotr Mika, Krzysztof Spodaryk, Andrzej Cencora, Viswanath B. Unnithan, Anna Mika

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Treadmill training in claudication is often based on walking exercise to a pain threshold or longer to the maximum muscle pain of the lower limbs. This kind of exercise may cause an inflammatory response. The purpose of this study was to determine whether pain-free treadmill training using walking exercise to 85% of the distance to onset of claudication pain can significantly improve pain-free walking distance in patients with intermittent claudication and to evaluate whether this kind of program may induce an inflammatory response leading to the progression of atherosclerosis.
Design: A total of 98 patients aged 50–70 yrs with stable intermittent claudication were randomized into a supervised treadmill training program or a comparison group. Patients in the treatment group participated in 12 wks of supervised treadmill training. We examined the effects of 12 wks of pain-free treadmill training on pain-free walking distance, total leukocyte count, neutrophil count, and microalbuminuria in patients with claudication.Results: A total of 80 participants completed the program. Exercise rehabilitation increased the time to onset of claudication pain by 119.2%, from 87.4 ± 38 m to 191.6 ± 94.8 m (P < 0.001). There was no increase in total leukocyte count, neutrophil count, or microalbuminuria after 12 wks of treadmill exercise (P > 0.05)
Conclusion: A pain-free training program can be used in the treatment of claudication as a low-risk program, increasing walking ability without potential harmful effects of ischemia–reperfusion injury.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)756-762
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume84
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • claudication
  • treadmill
  • arteriosclerosis
  • exercise
  • ischemia

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