Standard anode supported micro tubular-solid oxide fuel cell (MT-SOFC) stacks may provide the oxidant, in relation to the fuel, in three different manifold regimes. Firstly, “co-flow” involves oxidant outside the MT-SOFC flowing co-linearly in relation to the fuel inside. Secondly, “counter flow” involves oxidant outside the MT-SOFC flowing counter-linearly in relation to the fuel inside the MT-SOFC. Finally, “cross-flow” involves the oxidant outside the MT-SOFC flowing perpendicular to the fuel flow inside the MT-SOFC. In order to examine the effect of manifold technique on MT-SOFC performance, a combination of numerical simulation and experimental measurements was performed. Furthermore, the cathode current tap location, in relation to the fuel flow, was also studied. It was found that the oxidant manifold and the location of the cathode current collection point on the MT-SOFC tested and modeled had negligible effect on the MT-SOFC's electrical and thermal performance. In this study, a single MT-SOFC was studied in order to establish the measurement technique and numerical simulation implementation as a prerequisite before further test involving a 7 cell MT-SOFC stack.
Lawlor, V., Klein, K., Hochenauer, C., Griesser, S., Kuehn, S., Olabi, A-G., Cordiner, S., & Buchinger, G. (2013). Experimental and Numerical Study of Various MT-SOFC Flow Manifold Techniques: Single MT-SOFC Analysis. Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology, 10(1), . https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4023216