Experiences of Iranian nurses who intend to leave clinical nursing: a content analysis

Leila Valizadeh, Vahid Zamanzadeh, Hosein Habibzadeh, Leila Alilu, Mark Gillespie, Ali Shakibi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Article Type: Original Article

Introduction: Despite the current shortage of nurses, it is important to know the reasons nurses want to leave the clinical setting. The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of nurses who intend to leave clinical nursing.

Methods: In a qualitative content analysis study, data obtained from 13 in-depth face-to-face semi-structured interviews with nurses working in hospitals affiliated to the Tabriz and Urmia University of Medical Sciences in Iran, selected through purposive sampling. A conventional content analysis was used for data analysis.

Results: Four categories and eleven subcategories emerged during data analysis. The extracted categories and sub categories consisted of (I) Entry routes into nursing (implicitly entry, targeted entry), (II) Defects in dignity (lack of professional vision toward the nurses, social status of nurses), (III) Work in non-ideal working environment (lack of support, discrimination, conflict, lack of opportunities for advancement), and (IV) Dissatisfaction with working conditions (heavy workload, lack of power, unusual working hours).

Conclusion: The findings of this qualitative study reflect professional turnover as a complex, ongoing, multidimensional process. By identifying the factors responsible, it could be possible to retain nurses in the field.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-178
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Caring Sciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016


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