Executive functions and extraversion

Alana M. Campbell, Deana B. Davalos, David P. McCabe, Lucy J. Troup

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Executive functions and extraversion have been linked to similar neurological substrates. Participants were tested on a variety of tasks that assessed performance on three components of executive functioning (i.e., shifting, updating, and inhibition) and two measures of extraversion (Eysenck Personality Questionnaire-Revised and Carver and White’s BIS/BAS scales). More extraverted participants showed different patterns of executive function performance than the more introverted participants. Extraverts performed best on more difficult tasks and on updating tasks. Conversely, introverts performed best on set shifting tasks. These results suggest that executive functioning strengths differ based on degree of extraversion.
Highlights
► We tested introverts and extraverts on different components of executive functions. ► More extraverted participants best on more difficult tasks and on updating tasks. ► More introverted performed best on set shifting tasks. ► Extraverts and introverts performed similarly on inhibition tasks. ► Executive functioning strengths differ based on extraversion.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)720-725
Number of pages6
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume5
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Executive function
  • Executive functioning
  • Extraversion
  • Introversion
  • Personality
  • Updating
  • Inhibition
  • Set shifting

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