EVaaS: a novel on-demand outage mitigation framework for electric vehicle enabled microgrids

Ifiok Anthony Umoren, Muhammad Zeeshan Shakir

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Electric vehicles as a service (EVaaS) describes a system in which electric vehicles (EVs) communicate with the microgrid to participate in demand response services. Electric vehicles (EVs) are important distributed energy resources
for generating revenue, reducing emissions, mitigating the severity of an outage and restoring the distribution system rapidly to achieve resilient microgrids. However, they are currently under-utilized. For better utilization, this paper proposes EVaaS in microgrids to restore critical load (CL). First, EVaaS framework and challenges associated with deployment, as well as high speed and low latency EVaaS communications are introduced and discussed. Then, the association problem of EVs and CL is formulated and a heuristic method is then proposed, which aims to minimize the operating cost and number of associated EVs by solving a mixed linear integer problem. Numerical simulations are performed to demonstrate and verify the proposed model. Illustrative cases demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed deployment strategy and algorithm.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIEEE Globecom Workshops (GC Wkshps)
Place of PublicationPiscataway, NJ
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781538649206
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2019
EventIEEE Global Communications Conference - Abu Dhabi National Exhibition Centre (ADNEC), Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Duration: 9 Dec 201813 Dec 2018
http://globecom2018.ieee-globecom.org/ (Conference website)


ConferenceIEEE Global Communications Conference
Abbreviated titleIEEE Globecom
Country/TerritoryUnited Arab Emirates
CityAbu Dhabi
Internet address


  • electric vehicle
  • microgrid
  • stochastic optimization
  • outage mitigation
  • electric vehicle as a service (EVaaS)


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