Ethical considerations in fish research

K.A. Sloman, I.A. Bouyoucos, E.J. Brooks, L.U. Sneddon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Fishes are used in a wide range of scientific studies, from conservation research with potential benefits to the species used to biomedical research with potential human benefits. Fish research can take place in both laboratories and field environments and methods used represent a continuum from non‐invasive observations, handling, through to experimental manipulation. While some countries have legislation or guidance regarding the use of fish in research, many do not and there exists a diversity of scientific opinions on the sentience of fish and how we determine welfare. Nevertheless, there is a growing pressure on the scientific community to take more responsibility for the animals they work with through maximising the benefits of their research to humans or animals while minimising welfare or survival costs to their study animals. In this review, we focus primarily on the refinement of common methods used in fish research based on emerging knowledge with the aim of improving the welfare of fish used in scientific studies. We consider the use of anaesthetics and analgesics and how we mark individuals for identification purposes. We highlight the main ethical concerns facing researchers in both laboratory and field environments and identify areas that need urgent future research. We hope that this review will help inform those who wish to refine their ethical practices and stimulate thought among fish researchers for further avenues of refinement. Improved ethics and welfare of fishes will inevitably lead to increased scientific rigour and is in the best interests of both fishes and scientists.
LanguageEnglish
Article number13946
JournalJournal of Fish Biology
Volume94
Issue number4
Early online date11 Apr 2019
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - 11 Apr 2019

Fingerprint

fish
animal
researchers
anesthetic
animals
biomedical research
ethics
analgesics
anesthetics
laws and regulations
legislation
methodology
cost
laboratory
method

Keywords

  • 3Rs
  • anaesthesia
  • analgesia
  • nociception
  • refinement
  • welfare

Cite this

Sloman, K. A., Bouyoucos, I. A., Brooks, E. J., & Sneddon, L. U. (2019). Ethical considerations in fish research. Journal of Fish Biology, 94(4), [13946]. DOI: 10.1111/jfb.13946
Sloman, K.A. ; Bouyoucos, I.A. ; Brooks, E.J. ; Sneddon, L.U./ Ethical considerations in fish research. In: Journal of Fish Biology. 2019 ; Vol. 94, No. 4.
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Sloman, KA, Bouyoucos, IA, Brooks, EJ & Sneddon, LU 2019, 'Ethical considerations in fish research' Journal of Fish Biology, vol 94, no. 4, 13946. DOI: 10.1111/jfb.13946

Ethical considerations in fish research. / Sloman, K.A.; Bouyoucos, I.A.; Brooks, E.J.; Sneddon, L.U.

In: Journal of Fish Biology, Vol. 94, No. 4, 13946, 11.04.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Sloman KA, Bouyoucos IA, Brooks EJ, Sneddon LU. Ethical considerations in fish research. Journal of Fish Biology. 2019 Apr 11;94(4). 13946. Available from, DOI: 10.1111/jfb.13946