Entrepreneurial decision to start-up: a case of Tanzanian female entrepreneurs

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Apart from the fact that much has been accomplished within the field of female entrepreneurship, it is clear that far from being exhausted; the field lends itself to a variety of extensions and further investigations (Minniti, 2009). The most current decades have witnessed an increase in research activities as well as policy interventions which have been occurring in order to empower female gender as well as improving their contribution towards economic development.Following the GEM report (2012) an estimated 126 million women were starting or running new businesses in 67 economies around the world, with more 98 million leading established businesses (GEM, 2013). This particular study has investigated the contribution of country policies and strategies towards influencing start-up decision within females in developing countries using Tanzania as the case study.

Within the United Republic of Tanzania (URT), entrepreneurship activities have been spearheaded by female while saving majority of lives as well as providing job opportunities within their families as well as localities (Nziku, 2012; 2013). However, apart from many research studies presenting that, female involvement into business activities within most of the developing countries as being resulted out of economic necessity (de Bruin 2007; McElwee and Al-Riyami 2003). This study within Tanzania is contrary to those findings as it has been found that to a very great extends, Tanzania female entrepreneurs are being influenced by other factors which are mainly being Antecedent, Government initiatives as well as Perceived barriers within their locality/environment which are not much or necessarily related to economic necessity (Nziku, 2013).

Further, the empirical study with quantitative method has been conducted within Tanzania. Such particular study have realised some of the discrepancies in the country policies and strategies towards promoting female entrepreneurship. These discrepancies which have been well detailed in the findings section of this paper as among of the contribution that author needs to bring to the attention. And yet, most of researchers and academicians seem to have been regarding these as poor formulation of strategies and poor implementation of the policies. Author of this particular study has tried to fill the gap which seems to replace what has been found to lack in order to ensure that the policies formulated works as well as the strategies for implementations fits the desired goal.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2014
EventThe International Research and Policy Seminar on ‘Promoting Women’s Entrepreneurship: which policies & practices work best? - Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands
Duration: 8 May 20149 May 2014


ConferenceThe International Research and Policy Seminar on ‘Promoting Women’s Entrepreneurship


  • female entrepreneurship
  • start-up decision
  • policies and strategies


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