Enterprise and Entrepreneurship on Islands

Mike Danson, Kathryn Burnett

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Purpose
This chapter contributes to addressing the gap in the literature on entrepreneurs and enterprise in island and remote rural environments.

Approach
The research, policy and practice literature on island enterprises and entrepreneurs is reviewed, taking Scotland as a focus within wider international contexts. Islands – as spaces and cultural places – are recognised in terms of ‘otherness’ and difference, not least in respect of tourism and culture. The importance of distance, isolation and peripherality is discussed as social constructions – myths and narratives – as well as in their mainstream measured equivalences. Agencies and policies are introduced at different levels and given significance reflecting their particular relevance in remote and isolated communities. The significance of the dominant paradigm founded on agglomeration, clusters, connectivity, proximity and competitiveness in the peripheralisation of those establishing and running businesses on islands is explored critically. This is contrasted with experiences from comparative northern European locations of smart specialisation, innovation and resilience, and the underpinning key roles of social capital, relationships and cultural values and norms are identified. Sectoral case studies and enterprise are offered to examine these issues in context.

Findings
As this is an exploratory study, results are neither comprehensive nor definitive. However, they are indicative of how forces and obstacles apply in island and remote rural environments.

Research, practical and social implications
The study confirms the need to recognise social relations locally, and for policies and strategies to be proofed for locational differences.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationExploring Rural Enterprise
Subtitle of host publicationNew Perspectives on Research, Policy & Practice
EditorsColette Henry, Gerard McElwee
PublisherEmerald Publishing Limited
Pages151-174
Number of pages24
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-78441-109-1
ISBN (Print)9781784411121
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Publication series

NameContemporary Issues in Entrepreneurship Research
PublisherEmerald Group Publishing Limited
Volume4
ISSN (Print)2040-7246

Fingerprint

Entrepreneurship
Entrepreneurs
Isolation
Social construction
Social relations
Innovation
Research policy
Exploratory study
Tourism
Competitiveness
Proximity
Paradigm
Scotland
Equivalence
Connectivity
Agglomeration
Otherness
Relationship value
Cultural values
Resilience

Cite this

Danson, M., & Burnett, K. (2014). Enterprise and Entrepreneurship on Islands. In C. Henry, & G. McElwee (Eds.), Exploring Rural Enterprise: New Perspectives on Research, Policy & Practice (pp. 151-174). (Contemporary Issues in Entrepreneurship Research; Vol. 4). Emerald Publishing Limited. https://doi.org/10.1108/S2040-724620140000004007
Danson, Mike ; Burnett, Kathryn. / Enterprise and Entrepreneurship on Islands. Exploring Rural Enterprise: New Perspectives on Research, Policy & Practice. editor / Colette Henry ; Gerard McElwee. Emerald Publishing Limited, 2014. pp. 151-174 (Contemporary Issues in Entrepreneurship Research).
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Danson, M & Burnett, K 2014, Enterprise and Entrepreneurship on Islands. in C Henry & G McElwee (eds), Exploring Rural Enterprise: New Perspectives on Research, Policy & Practice. Contemporary Issues in Entrepreneurship Research, vol. 4, Emerald Publishing Limited, pp. 151-174. https://doi.org/10.1108/S2040-724620140000004007

Enterprise and Entrepreneurship on Islands. / Danson, Mike; Burnett, Kathryn.

Exploring Rural Enterprise: New Perspectives on Research, Policy & Practice. ed. / Colette Henry; Gerard McElwee. Emerald Publishing Limited, 2014. p. 151-174 (Contemporary Issues in Entrepreneurship Research; Vol. 4).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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AB - Purpose This chapter contributes to addressing the gap in the literature on entrepreneurs and enterprise in island and remote rural environments. Approach The research, policy and practice literature on island enterprises and entrepreneurs is reviewed, taking Scotland as a focus within wider international contexts. Islands – as spaces and cultural places – are recognised in terms of ‘otherness’ and difference, not least in respect of tourism and culture. The importance of distance, isolation and peripherality is discussed as social constructions – myths and narratives – as well as in their mainstream measured equivalences. Agencies and policies are introduced at different levels and given significance reflecting their particular relevance in remote and isolated communities. The significance of the dominant paradigm founded on agglomeration, clusters, connectivity, proximity and competitiveness in the peripheralisation of those establishing and running businesses on islands is explored critically. This is contrasted with experiences from comparative northern European locations of smart specialisation, innovation and resilience, and the underpinning key roles of social capital, relationships and cultural values and norms are identified. Sectoral case studies and enterprise are offered to examine these issues in context. Findings As this is an exploratory study, results are neither comprehensive nor definitive. However, they are indicative of how forces and obstacles apply in island and remote rural environments. Research, practical and social implications The study confirms the need to recognise social relations locally, and for policies and strategies to be proofed for locational differences.

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Danson M, Burnett K. Enterprise and Entrepreneurship on Islands. In Henry C, McElwee G, editors, Exploring Rural Enterprise: New Perspectives on Research, Policy & Practice. Emerald Publishing Limited. 2014. p. 151-174. (Contemporary Issues in Entrepreneurship Research). https://doi.org/10.1108/S2040-724620140000004007