Engagement in a National Naloxone Programme among people who inject drugs

Andrew McAulay, Alison Munro, Sheila Bird, Sharon Hutchinson, David Goldberg, Avril Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background

Availability of the opioid antagonist naloxone for lay administration has grown substantially since first proposed in 1996. Gaps remain, though, in our understanding of how people who inject drugs (PWID) engage with naloxone programmes over time.

Aims

This paper aimed to address three specific evidence gaps: the extent of naloxone supply to PWID; supply-source (community or prisons); and the carriage of naloxone among PWID.

Materials and methods

Analysis of Scotland’s Needle Exchange Surveillance Initiative (NESI) responses in 2011–2012 and 2013–2014 was undertaken with a specific focus on the extent of Scotland’s naloxone supply to PWID; including by source (community or prisons); and on the carriage of naloxone. Differences in responses between the two surveys were measured using Chi-square tests together with 95% confidence intervals for rate-differences over time.

Results

The proportion of NESI participants who reported that they had been prescribed naloxone within the last year increased significantly from 8% (175/2146; 95% CI: 7–9%) in 2011–2012 to 32% (745/2331; 95% CI: 30% to 34%) in 2013–2014. In contrast, the proportion of NESI participants who carried naloxone with them on the day they were interviewed decreased significantly from 16% (27/169; 95% CI: 10% to 22%) in 2011–2012 to 5% (39/741; 95% CI: 4% to 7%) in 2013–2014.

Conclusions

The supply of naloxone to PWID has increased significantly since the introduction of a National Naloxone Programme in Scotland in January 2011. In contrast, naloxone carriage is low and decreased between the two NESI surveys; this area requires further investigation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-240
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Volume162
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2016

    Fingerprint

Cite this

McAulay, A., Munro, A., Bird, S., Hutchinson, S., Goldberg, D., & Taylor, A. (2016). Engagement in a National Naloxone Programme among people who inject drugs. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 162, 236-240. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2016.02.031